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bookmarks - Part 2

Posts Tagged ‘bookmarks’

Smart Phone Without Data Plan

smart phone without data plan
can a at&t smart phone be used as a regular phone without a data plan?

i have a treo 680 and needed something better and more reliable than my nokia phone and couldn’t wait until the upgrade time(18 months) so i switched the sim cards around and i wanna know if i can use this smart phone as a regular phone like my nokia without buying a data plan because i only plan on using my phone for talk and text.
thanks “sunny ” but att said they added a plan so am i screwed???

Yes, and no.

While you can use a smart phone on AT&T without a smart phone plan, AT&T does reserve the right to add the smart phone service to your plan for you (as stated in the Terms of Service you agreed to when you signed up). However, that being said, I’ve used an AT&T smart phone (Blackberry) without the plan and no one at AT&T noticed. Both as a regular customer and on an AT&T GoPhone plan (an AT&T rep even put the SIM card in my phone).

Just so you know that without the Smart Phone Data Plan, you may not receive e-mails on your smart phone. But it doesn’t sound like this will be a major concern for you.

Get a $10 Unltd. Data Plan For Your iPhone 2G/3G/3GS

Smart Phone Growth 2009

Smart Phone Growth 2009
smart phone growth 2009

Re-Inventing Social Networking in India by Smart Phones

With the drastic increase in market share of smart phones in the mobile phone market in India, it was an excellent growth the online social networking in India. Business Analysts believe the world that its an emerging segment of Internet Marketing and Internet Branding in India with a billion people strong and ever increasing number of Internet users (35 million, of which only 7 million on broadband), which will experience an unparalleled growth in the near future offers, and a better Platform for business owners, marketers search, web masters and Internet marketing company for aggressively promoting their brands, services in online social media space, and it would even become a primary source of revenue for business houses in India.

Nearly one million new subscribers per month could, smart phones, the next his big thing in India. After the experience with high subscription fees for mobile Internet services, online social networking could be the next big opportunity in India, where, after Internet service is to be, smart phone handset business and mobile application development company. This also has a primary topic of research and analysis do for the institute in Bangalore> MBA institute in Bangalore.

The smartphone manufacturer in India have already started thinking more on this aspect of the business and focus on the integration of different social networking platforms / applications such as Facebook, Twitter, etc. in their never-ending range of applications for users in those most of these applications are integrated with the handset. This works to promote three main things that would be the initial social networking himself, the other will be sold Cell Phones for consumers and the third or in the foreground than one would get new subscribers to mobile Internet.

According to a report in February 2009 Inc. comScore, social networking sites have seen a greater growth in India when compared to global standards. Social networking is it is not only to achieve connectivity among friends over the Internet, but much more than that. With such a high growth in traffic, it is up to people in terms of the Internet companies involved to think out of the box and come up with innovative ideas to expand the reach of social networks, the focus is more on other perspectives of the social Media, which can be a huge revenue-generating machine on-line space.

About the Author

John Statesman is an avid reader of business journals and a MBA graduate from International Institute of Business Studies (IIBS) in Bangalore, India. He is very much interested in studying and analyzing latest trends of business and global consumer market. He also writes articles based on his studies and analysis.

Elpida, PTI and UMC Partner on 3D IC Integration Development of Advanced Technologies Including 28nm Hsinchu, Taiwan, June 21 / PRNewswire-Asia / – Elpida Memory Inc., Powertech Technology Inc.

Smart Phone Virus Protection

smart phone virus protection
Virus Identification?

My computer has contracted a mighty peculiar virus.
I need help identifying it so I might remove it.
Here are my symptoms:
-unable to update McAfee or any other virus protection software.
-unable to use Windows Update, it would redirect me to Google.com
-Redirection to random search engines while using Google

Most Recently:
I have installed avast virus protection, and now when I log in I get a blue screen of death.

Also, In an attempt to be smarter than the virus I used my phones memory card to upload the virus definition updates for AVG. Which resulted in my memory card being converted into a useless piece of plastic shortly after being removed.

Please Help.
UPDATE: When trying to boot in safe mode it stops scrolling directories at:

multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)WINDOWSSystem32DriversMup.sys

Virus infections can damage your system, and if you try and remove it your self you risk making it even worse.

If you can start the computer into safe mode with networking then you may have a chance. It sounds like you may have a root kit infection, and if this is the case you may need professional help.

Smart Phone Insurance

smart phone insurance
smart phone insurance
Verizon Wireless Phone Upgrade..?

My boyfriend and I are on a family plan both with smart phones. I have the Samsung Omnia and he has the Storm 2. The problem is my phone has been messing up so badly that I’m fed up with it. I don’t even want to use the insurance to get it replaced. We remember him getting a flyer in the mail from Verizon about the main line (his line) being eligible for an upgrade. Question is, would he be able to pass his upgrade on to my line? and if so after doing so can we actually activate whichever phone I/we choose to be his phone and he give me his storm 2 since it’s the phone I want anyway?

Yes, Verizon lets you use anyone’s upgrade who is on your plan as long as you have the person whose name the account is in permission. They don’t care where you get the phone as long as its compatible with verizon and works. But remember, if you don’t buy a phone directly from the verizon store then you cannot add insurance.

Iphone insurance Next Generation Of Smart Phone

Smart Phones On Cricket

smart phones on cricket
smart phones on cricket

The BlackBerry Storm 9520 2 reviewed – but revered?

BlackBerry 9520 Storm 2

The BlackBerry Storm is RIM's two new, improved version of the Storm touch-screen spectrum, which has a fully functional touch screen and intuitive text options, and no traditional BlackBerry QWERTY keyboard.

As always, we have reviewed these phones suitability for the business mobile market.

The Blackberry Storm was a little disappointed, as they so easily over-by A number of other new smartphones was shadowed including i-phone and the HTC Hero.

How does the new BlackBerry Storm smartphone in the two as a compare business market?

The Storm 2 is sitting comfortably in the hand and is only 5g heavier than its predecessor, it's really easy to create your finger around the touch screen, while made the phone again and also to the on / lock screen button on the top left.

The BlackBerry 9520 has a large number of keys on the outside, which are usually rubber – which I guess is a matter of taste, but I personally liked quite well. On the left side is the USB interface and a function key that you access your favorite functions as a link.

The Summit is the POWER / LOCK button and the mute button. The 3.5 mm headphone jack into the phone on the right side just above the volume up / volume down button keys.The used to take photos is let the top right.

On the front of the phone are the call, menu, back and end buttons – these are embedded in the LCD screen on the BlackBerry Storm 2nd You are now part of the screen click SurePress.

The original Storm has had a single piezoelectric sensor behind the touchscreen and new Storm 2 through 4 of those is easier on the screen and easier and better to the "use". You can also access parts of the two screen at once, you can key on which means of e-mails a little faster.

If the phone into sleep mode and share the screen locks meaning that you do not accidentally press buttons when you're not my intention. Although you can call and answer or end in sleep mode.

One thing that has made the BlackBerry Storm 2'm feeling a little cheaper than it is business smartphone colleagues was that the Battery compartment not completely flush and wobbles quite easily if the phone.

The phones come with a micro-USB Travel Charger Package (ideal for business trips), USB cable, 3.5mm headphones, a pouch and a beautiful cloth to wipe the screen with.The headphones double as a handsfree are not the best quality – Fine for the call but not good enough for music lovers.

The Storm 2 uses the OS 5.0 interface, which is RIM's latest and greatest. It feels a little weird to apply pressure to a touch screen, so that it clicks but the functionality is good.

The phone takes to boot a couple of minutes, no big problem, since it is not often that you remove the battery.

There's home screen has a half-menu in portrait mode, with your eight favorite lists Applications, and moved as a landscape in all the menu icons are available. The options can all be viewed quickly in the functions really make accessible.

The screen is of excellent quality is scrolling fast and easy and very responsive and all the icons are a nice size and are easily clickable.

Occasionally, we have found that can slow down the OS a bit, and if this happens all of the key lock, which means you can not do anything until the system has the problem fixed – it tended to do it quickly.

The main difference between the BlackBerry OS and other systems is that is on the BlackBerry each screen kept minimal, and, more options by pressing the Menu button to get that makes messaging your colleagues or the management of your contacts much easier – the ideal accommodation for Business cell phone user.

Incredibly important to the business mobile phone users the quality and clarity of the calling and the BlackBerry Storm 2 is unsurpassed; designed large for a mobile phone to messaging.We had no problems at all with talks on a week that we tested it.

The 3G connectivity was really good, but it has GPRS change occasionally even when we had two bars of signal – I believe that this focus is on reliability before speed really matters for business users and a good sign for the BlackBerry brand.

The calling interface is easy to use and clear with just navigation.There a search option on the top of the screen, so you get your contacts, but it was as easy to navigate through. If you are Facebook Connect I have added to the Storm 2, you get some Facebook notifications added to your contacts, so you can see some of their profile data and you can put it from the contacts screen.

On your contacts profiles, pictures, websites or information to companies that add useful for business contacts. a handy little Was a tool that you select a contact and find out, call your exact story, allowed to and from this number

Messaging on the BlackBerry Storm 2 9520 is great and of course, the Facebook integration is great, but it would be good if other social networking sites like Linked in. were supported

Even if you move the phone from portrait to landscape on the screen settings move with you.

The Storm 2 is has excellent connectivity, establishing please enter your e-mail address and password (and perhaps a few additional details depending on your server).

If you have an Exchange platform messaging for work, you need to do to download a fairly expensive piece of software.

The text input with BB OS 5.0, you can enter text as fast as you want, and if you corrected automatically with frequently used words of the intuitive text works work really well.

The copy and paste functions are really easy to use within messages (only tap on the screen and grab the bars that choose to appear to the left and right). You also can look for news currently looking for a specific contact simply by clicking on their names – the search quickly all the options.

You can add multiple e-mail accounts on the Storm 2, up to 10 in fact, so that you will never run out of places to get all the major electronic mail.

In Messaging you can use all your received see e-mails at once – it was Facebook, text message or e-mail. You can use a chat conversation from where to start, included with Google Talk and Yahoo Messenger in the package.

The touch screen and SurePress Clicker are the two main components of the browser navigation, and, unfortunately, is not particularly remarkable.

The browser was in order, if we were on mobile websites, but if we did HTML start to fight and often took 10-20 seconds to switch sides with the media about her load.

That said, it is not too bad on WIFI and was just up there with the i-phone, but not near the title = "Desire HTC> HTC Desire.

If Web sites are for the screen does not always work well, often leaving parts of the text reformatted from the screen even if it with the "Column View 'Smart-Fit technology.

Another problem was the choice we had the right link. You can connect using the touch screen to scroll with each one is marked under the finger, But when it comes to selection, you can easily overlooked when the screen SurePress roles under the finger clicking.

You can zoom in in by is not on any part of the screen, but zooming out so simple, you need to hold and press the ZOOM button reverse.

Overall, the speed is important, surfing and there were too many things slowing down the experience on the BlackBerry Storm 2nd

The camera is simple, however, leads it's good enough in decent light and it works fast. Shutter speed could be improved, but a nice little feature allows you to stroke the screen to zoom up and down and shrink – great idea!

The video is also very simple but it does a basic job is not effective enough for business use. Its HVGA (most decent mobile phone cameras take at least VGA) and we would appreciate it runs at 24fps, as the material removed is actually quite smooth.

The Storm 2 is not like a media player developed, but the music we heard on it was also (if we have a couple of decent headphones used), but it is fine for everyday use as it comes in the box.

The feature in contacts where you hold contacts name, to see all messages associated with them, can be replicated in the music player – you can hold down on the name of an artist and this enabled a Search that brings all the other songs by artist said, this is useful if you have a lot of songs on your BlackBerry Storm 2nd

BlackBerry Storm-2

The video player is pretty good and it plays a large quantity of video formats and sizes easily fit well on the screen. It supports MPEG4, WMV, H.263 and H.264 formats, so you have to get to convert your AVI files, they work.

There is no FM radio, so this is not hear too good for the cricket, while you enjoy a few drinks in the bar

The BlackBerry Storm 9520 2 comes with a number of applications for business mobile users, the most important applications are the fake-office options that allow you to view and edit Word and Excel documents on the go, which I found very useful and is now a key benchmark of us for business users.

For consumers, there are a number of social networks and instant messaging applications included.

The BlackBerry App World has all the apps available in one place, a majority of a fee, but there are a number of free ones.

The battery is pretty good, there is a unity, 1400mAh but if you have a lot of push e-mail and the suretouch buttons on the touch screen is much more to the power drain pretty quickly.

It are a few other good features on the phone – if you sync with Google mail, the phone can also be set to pull-down calendar as well be, making it easier to see, what's going on.

Plus, if you are a contact in your address book is an option to add a birthday there too, which opens sends on the calendar Then you reminders before the event.

From the home screen, you can use the Communication Manager with a single click access, you can disable all from mobile phones to Bluetooth.

You can also create a new connection for WiFi and other options.

The Wi-Fi allows you to use your home network automatically connect when in range, and all the data transfer services on this channel.

Where GPS is also included and it is used with the Maps application. The BlackBerry Maps app was not great, but Google Maps was available and worked a little better.

As with other modern BlackBerry Storm 9520 allows the two you to all your files to your computer with the Desktop Manager to ensure that they are safe, if you lose your phone.

Overall this is a great Phone for business users as it has all the functionality and speed.

About the Author

Business Savings Advice is blog that aims to help small and medium sized UK businesses to save money on the services that are vital to their operations. This particular blog is about business mobile phones and includes reviews of new handsets as well as special offers from the 5 main providers as well as some resellers

Business Savings Advice is blog that aims to help small and medium sized UK businesses to save money on the services that are vital to their operations. This particular blog is about business mobile phones and includes reviews of new handsets as well as special offers from the 5 main providers as well as some resellers

World Cup capsules: Unprecedented U.S. hype for England match Irene, South Africa (AP) – American football players on the magazine covers and the evening news shows A growing number of World Cup receives unprecedented support in the United States.

Smart Phone Excel

smart phone excel
smart phone excel
BlackBerry ® Curve 8310 Titanium or Black Jack II?

I look forward to a new phone to get. I had a bead on T-Mobile and the network was so terrible I had to return to it easily. I also have the fact that each letter has no private key hated. I am now looking for mobile at the AT & T network. I am a student, under the Biotechnology / Genetics. I also have to work and would like to track my schedule, classes, lessons, keep can open applications (like Word, Excel, etc. ..). I'm always talking, and my cell Sometimes when I play on the board. Most of the smartphones on the AT & T network are ok, but I want something I can get the most I do. I want as many additional features as possible and something Sleek (but of course performance is what counts). Thank you

I LOVE MY turn! I enjoyed talking on the curve on the Black Jack the weight, shape and style. the buttons on the curve are easier used if you have to nails. I could go on and on for days, but really my advice when picking a phone is to check out cnet.com for the techie Ratings. The curve got a 8.3 and the blackjack 2 got a 7.7, he has really helped me choose the curve on the Pearl, that I thought was sooo cute. Glad that I this site!

Interview with Yossi Vardi It is our pleasure to present entrepreneurs have an interview with Yossi Vardi, one of the most famous Israeli high-tech. Yossi is essential by looking for entrepreneurs both here in Silicon Valley, and sold the rest of the world for its insights into startups with secure Mirabilis (ICQ, AOL), Answers.com (IPO), Tucows (IPO), and dozens of other successful startups. Yossi is the co-chairman of the …

Smart Phones For Sale

smart phones for sale
smart phones for sale
Where can I get REAL cheap sales force?

I’m starting a new biz but I have a problem. I can’t think of a way to provide proper sales support to my clients, BY PHONE.

I can’t afford to rent an office and hire a full-time OR a part-time sales person to answer the calls. I myself am NOT a very good sales person when talking on the phone AND, even india outsoucing option is a over the budget for me.

Was thinking about scheduling call-back services for clients and hire someone to do the calls HOWEVER, different clients have different “preferred time for calling”.

Is there any smart way to get around this? WIll I lose clients if I don’t provide phone sales support? Do I have any other options?

Hi,

I understand your problems, and I’m glad to say you have a few really good and cheap options:

1) Interns. College aged students can work with you for usually as low as 15 hours a week, and provide you a free workforce. It requires you train them like you would to most employees, but it’s free of cost.

2) Outsource. Find some cheap foreigners who are looking for work and pay them much less than the US minimum wage. Post your job offering on sites that provide jobs to these foreign countries

Best of luck! Feel free to contact me if you need extra help.

Best Smart Phones | Best Smart Phone

Smart Phone Reviews Uk

Smart Phone Reviews uk

Nokia N97 Mobile Phone Mini Review – A Middle-Weight Symbian Touchscreen

Following the high-end N97 announced, Nokia N97, the Mini – produces a smaller, lighter version of the N97 with less internal memory, smaller screen and battery under a not-much smaller price. Nokia seems to focus on the optimization of this series of phones, instead announced new features.

As with all things, the relationship between price and performance is not applied uniformly, as the Telephones were not together, was leaving the N97 Mini dangling in the air when it comes to what it offers.

Despite this – it is a nice little quad-band GSM and tri-band 3G mobile phone with 3.6 Mbps HSDPA support – much less bulky than the N97, and with many features packed into its small.

Measuring in at 113 x 52.5 x 14.2mm, it does not seem to be that much different, until you compare the physical volume of the two phones. 75cc 88cc Mini and the N97 for the N97, but only 12% difference in weight. In view of the side-slider QWERTY smartphone Nokia N97 Mini competes well when it comes to the size. It is worn by the E75, which many of its functions missing.

The N97 offers a mini-slide-n-Tilt driven 3.2 inch 16m color resistive touch screen display with a resolution of 640 x 360 pixels, Symbian OS 9.4 by – S60 (5th Edition with kinetic scrolling) User Interface. Compared to the N97 – the display is of equal quality, only smaller, and the response of resistive screen is improved in this model. It allows the use of stylus and respond from a gloved hand pressure. It has a proximity sensor and auto-rotate and handwriting recognition.

The keyboard is a three-row full QWERTY slide-out, but, presumably to save space, the D-pad found missing in the N97.

For the record of specific places or occasions, the 5-megapixel autofocus camera (now without the lens) has Carl Zeiss optics, geo-tagging, has a dual LED flash and VGA video at Aided by a 30fps video recording light. There is also a second camera (VGA15fps).

Powered by a 434MHz CPU has 11 arms, the Nokia N97 Mini 128 MB RAM and 8 GB of onboard memory, can be increased up to 16 GB microSDHC supports the microSD card slot. It supports Wi-Fi and GPS with A-GPS, a digital compass, built-in accelerometer, FM Radio (without transmitter) with RDS and a 3.5 mm audio jack and TV-out with nice audio. It also supports stereo Bluetooth v2.0.

Although the Web Browser has full Support for Flash and Java, there is no document editing capability without a paid upgrade, not a DivX or XviD video support out-of-the-box and the handset not supported Smart Dialing. The S60 touch-screen user interface is still a bit inconsistent and you need to connect between the handsfree and the Headset replaced.

On the plus side is the Nokia N97 Mini less plasticky and fingerprint-resistant than its big brother and the battery cover has it replaced with metal been.

About the Author

The original Nokia N97 costs a bit higher and has it’s own set of conveniences and problems. The N97 Mini however has a lot of
cheap mobilephone contract offers
and has the
best Nokia N97 Mini mobilephone cashback deals
– so pick the N97 Mini if you want a phone that has good discounts, is practical and is faster.

Google Nexus One smart phone unboxing review. UK exclusive

Smart Phone Penetration Europe

smart phone penetration europe

Worldwide Nanotechnology Electric Vehicle (Ev) Market Shares Strategies, And Forecasts, 2009 To 2015

 Electric vehicles are real. They come in a variety of styles and capabilities. The BMW features driving control and style. The Chinese BYD hybrid backed by Warren Buffet’s company has features that enable plug-in hybrid power train flexibility. It has a full battery-powered electric mode. The series-hybrid mode has an engine which drives a generator to recharge the batteries, acting as a rangeextender. There is a parallel hybrid mode, in which the engine and motor both provide propulsive power.

Electric vehicles represent a quantum shift in transportation. The design trajectories are varied; the opportunities are significant as a quantum shift occurs in what the vehicle basic functions are and how the vehicle works. The car companies that leverage the market opportunity to shift to a new paradyne are likely to succeed. There are others who merely try to migrate existing styles and designs to electric vehicles. Buggy whips come to mind.

The ability to plug a car into a hardened backyard set of batteries charged from a solar panel provides relief from gasoline spending. To have a second car, powered by a battery pack promises to provide growth of a new industry. The banks can loan against the car and the solar panel. Solar panels are evolving modular capability where they can be quickly installed and provide electricity for the car.

Investment in electric vehicle infrastructure is a priority. With countries seeking to invest in infrastructure that will provide economic growth, it is clear that special infrastructure for electric vehicles will stimulate growth from the private sector. Electric vehicle market segment is positioned for growth for vehicles used for local driving.

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries.

Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Markets for electric vehicles at 685 units in 2008 are anticipated to reach 32.7 million autos shipped by 2015, growing in response to demand for a renewable energy powered vehicle that lowers the total cost of ownership by a significant amount. Lithium-ion batteries used in Cell Phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology to power electric vehicles. Early electric vehicles are being used as city cars, proving the feasibility of electric cars. Think in Norway has a viable manufacturing operation and 1,000 cars on the road. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Table of Contents :
Figure ES-1
Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

1. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS
1.1 Auto Industry

1.1.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Forces

1.1.2 Cars Represent 20% Of The US Economic Retail Spending

1.1.3 Electric Vehicle Design Trajectories

1.2 Electric Vehicle EVs

1.2.1 EVs Cost Effective In City Conditions

1.2.2 Lithium-Ion Car Batteries

1.2.3 Private-Public Partnerships

1.3 Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets

1.3.1 Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance

1.3.2 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry

1.3.3 Electric Grid Services Market

1.3.4 Portable Power Market, Power Tools

1.4 Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation Industry Target Market

1.5 Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization

1.5.1 Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities

1.6 Applications Require On-Printed Circuit Board Battery Power

1.6.1 Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries

1.7 Smart Buildings

1.7.1 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors

1.8 Battery Safety / Potential Hazards

1.9 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction

1.10 Battery Is Electrochemical Device

1.11 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy

1.11.1 Characteristics Of Battery Cells

1.11.2 Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications

2. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS
2.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Market Driving Forces

2.1.1 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.1.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.2 Electric Vehicle Market Shares

2.2.1 Daimler Safety Cell

2.2.2 Daimler Smart Car

2.2.3 BYD

2.2.4 Think Environmentally Friendly Vehicles

2.2.5 TH!NK City Safety Concept

2.2.6 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

2.2.7 GM Volt

2.2.8 GM Opel

2.2.9 Tesla Motors

2.2.10 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

2.2.11 Mitsubishi

2.2.12 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

2.2.13 BMW

2.2.14 REVA Electric Car

2.2.15 Ford Advances Electric Vehicle Technology

2.2.16 Ford Partnership With Utility Industry

2.2.17 Toyota Hybrid Prius

2.2.18 Nissan

2.2.19 Phoenix Motorcars

2.2.20 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

2.2.21 Chrysler

2.3 Electric Vehicles Market Forecasts

2.4 Electric Vehicle Battery Recharging

2.4.1 Changing Electric Vehicles On The Fly

2.5 2008 / 2009 Auto Sales Overview

2.5.1 Korean Cars Succeed In US

2.5.2 Total Vehicles Sold / GM Profile

2.5.3 GM Global Vehicle Sales and Market Share – 2007

2.5.4 Worldwide Automotive Sales For 2007

2.5.5 Deepening Slowdown

2.6 Electric Vehicles As A Very Fancy Golf Cart

2.7 Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

2.7.1 Market Driving Forces

2.7.2 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.7.3 Competitors

2.8 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.8.1 ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical

2.8.2 A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™ Lithium Ion Battery Technology

2.9 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.10 Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.10.1 BYD

2.10.2 Johnson Controls-Saft

2.10.3 Saft Battery Technologies

2.10.4 A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class Lithium Ion™ Cells:

2.10.5 NEC and Nissen

2.10.6 LG Chem

2.10.7 EnerDel

2.10.8 Competition

2.11 Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.11.1 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries

3. ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
3.1 BMW

3.1.1 BMW Second Version Of The Electric Mini

3.2 BYD / MidAmerican Energy Holdings

3.2.1 Warren Buffet – MidAmerican, A Collection Of Electric Utilities In The Midwest

3.2.2 BYD Plug-in Hybrid Power Train Flexibility

3.2.3 BYD E6 Electric Car and F6

3.2.4 BYD E6 Electric Vehicle Specifications

3.3 Tesla Motors

3.3.1 Electric Roadster by Tesla Motors

3.3.2 Tesla Motors Next Generation Model S

3.3.3 Telsa Battery Pack And Frame

3.4 Daimler AG

3.4.1 Daimler Smart Car Model Features

3.4.2 Electric Car by Daimler Mercedes (2010)

3.5 Think

3.5.1 A123Systems / GE Production Contract for Norwegian Think Electric Vehicles

3.5.2 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

3.5.3 TH!NK City Safety Concept

3.5.4 TH!NK City Environmentally Friendly

3.5.5 Thinking Globally

3.6 General Motors

3.6.1 GM Volt

3.6.2 GM Challenge to Battery Developers

3.6.3 GM and A123Systems Co-Develop Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt

3.6.4 GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

3.6.5 GM / Opel

3.6.6 GM Chevrolet Equinox Fuel-Cell Vehicles

3.7 Miles XS500 Electric Car

3.8 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule in Japan

3.8.1 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.2 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Pricing

3.8.3 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

3.8.4 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Coming to Europe

3.8.5 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Production Plans

3.8.6 i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.7 i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule

3.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car Source: Subaru.

3.9.1 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

3.9.2 Subaru G4e Source: Subaru.

3.9.3 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

3.9.4 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape

3.10 Electric Supercar by Hybrid Technologies

3.11 Electric Mini by PML

3.12 Electric Car by Nissan (2010-2012)

3.12.1 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

3.13 REVA Electric Car

3.14 Zenn Low Speed Electric Car

3.15 Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

3.16 Eliica Electric Car by KEIO University

3.17 Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

3.18 Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion by Students of Napoleon High School

3.19 Toyota Hybrid Prius

3.19.1 Toyota iQ Microcar

3.19.2 Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

3.20 Ford

3.21 Chrysler

3.21.1 Chrysler Town & Country EV

3.21.2 Chrysler Personal Mobility Revolution

3.21.3 Chrysler Dodge Circuit EV

3.21.4 Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

3.22 Phoenix

3.23 Shelby Supercars

3.24 Aptera

4. ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
4.1 Phoenix Motorcars Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Technology

4.1.1 Altairnano Battery Comparison

4.1.2 Lead-Acid Battery Technology

4.1.3 Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

4.1.4 Lithium-Ion

4.2 Globalization Model For Electric Cars

4.2.1 Better Place Electric Vehicle Network

4.2.2 Better Place has partnered with AGL Energy in Australia

4.3 EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Charging Kit

4.3.1 Smart Fuel Cells SFC

4.3.2 Citycom AG’s CityEL

4.4 Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy

4.4.1 Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics

4.5 Challenges in Battery Design

4.5.1 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements

4.6 Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning

4.6.1 High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities

4.7 Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.8 Mobile Phone Industry

4.8.1 Nanowires

4.8.2 Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries

4.8.3 The Cathodes

4.8.4 Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density

4.9 Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.9.1 Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings

4.9.2 Charging

4.9.3 Applications

4.9.4 Costs

4.10 Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants

4.10.1 Lithium-ion

4.10.2 Lithium-ion Polymer

4.10.3 Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants

4.10.4 Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2

4.10.5 Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4

4.10.6 Lithium Nickel LiNiO2

4.10.7 Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2

4.10.8 Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4

4.11 Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned

4.12 Lithium Metal Polymer

4.12.1 Lithium Sulphur Li2S8

4.12.2 Alternative Anode Chemistry

4.13 ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film

4.14 Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing

4.15 Thin-Film Batteries Packaging

4.16 ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber

4.16.1 ITN Sensors

4.17 Cell Construction

4.18 Impact Of Nanotechnology

4.19 Thin Film Batteries

4.19.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs

4.19.2 High Power And Energy Density

4.19.3 High Rate Capability

4.20 Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance

4.21 Polymer Film Substrate

4.22 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte

5. ELECTRIC VEHICLE COMPANY PROFILES

5.1 A123 Systems

5.1.1 A123 Systems Revenue

5.1.2 A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering

5.1.3 A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

5.1.4 A123 Systems Competitive Advantage

5.1.5 A123 Systems Strategy

5.1.6 A123Systems and GE

5.1.7 A123 Acquisition of Hymotion

5.1.8 Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate

5.1.9 Cobasys and A123 Systems

5.2 Aperta

5.3 Better Place Model

5.4 BMW

5.5 BYD

5.5.1 Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD Chinese Battery Manufacturer

5.6 E-One Moli Energy Group

5.7 Ener1

5.7.1 Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue

5.7.2 Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally Pioneered By Argonne National Lab

5.7.3 Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer

5.7.4 Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells

5.7.5 EnerDel Operations

5.8 Ford

5.8.1 Ford Electric Vehicle Positioning

5.8.2 Ford’s Comprehensive Sustainability Strategy

5.8.3 Ford Partnership With Southern California Edison Electric Utility

5.8.4 Ford Partnership with Johnson Controls-Saft for Thin Film Batteries

5.8.5 Ford Partnership with Utility Industry

5.8.6 Building A Business Case

5.8.7 Governments Of Japan, China, Korea, And India Significantly Funding EV Research

5.8.8 Ford Energy Future Vision

5.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

5.9.1 Subaru of America

5.9.2 Subaru of America Revenue 2008

5.10 General Motors

5.10.1 General Motors Factory In Michigan To Build Battery Packs

5.10.2 GM 2008 Global Sales of 8.35 Million Vehicles

5.10.3 GM Continues Growth in Emerging Markets

5.10.4 GM’s North America Regional Performance

5.10.5 GM Europe

5.10.6 GM Strongly Believes In The Electrification Of The Automobile

5.11 Miles Electric Vehicles

5.11.1 Miles Zero Emissions, Full Electric Car

5.12 Johnson Controls-Saft

5.13 LG Petrochemical

5.13.1 LG Chem

5.14 Mitsubishi

5.14.1 Fleet Testing Of The Zero-Emissions iMiev Electric Vehicle

5.15 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

5.15.1 NEC Lamilion Energy

5.16 Panasonic / Sanyo

5.17 Phoenix Motorcars

5.17.1 Phoenix Motorcars Customers: Maui Electric

5.17.2 Phoenix MC All-Electric, Light-Duty Trucks

5.18 REVA

5.18.1 REVA Car Features

5.18.2 REVA Globally Tested Product

5.19 Saft

5.19.1 Saft Battery Technologies

5.19.2 Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG)

5.19.3 Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG)

5.19.4 Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS)

5.19.5 Saft Research and Development

5.19.6 Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)

5.20 Samsung

5.21 Shelby SuperCars

5.21.1 Sheffield International Finance Corporation

5.21.2 SSC Monthly Newsletter

5.22 Tesla Motors

5.22.1 Tesla Battery Packs

5.22.2 Tesla Roadster

5.22.3 Tesla Restructuring

5.23 Think

5.23.1 Think Manufacturing Capacity

5.23.2 Think Employees Called Back From Lay-Off

5.23.3 Think Confirms Interim Financing – Private Equity Firm Ener1 Group Is The Lead Investor

5.23.4 Kleiner Perkins And Rockport Capital, Two Leading Us Cleantech Investors Launch Joint Venture With Norwegian Electrical Vehicle Company Think

5.23.5 TH!NK city Crash-Tested And Highway-Certified EV

5.23.6 Think Strategic Partnership With Energy Giant General Electric

5.23.7 Think collaboration with Porsche Consulting

5.24 Toyota

5.25 ZENN Motor Company

5.25.1 Zenn Motor Strategic Energy Storage Partner, Eestor

List of Tables and Figures
Figure ES-1

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 1-1

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries

Figure 1-2

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Table 1-3

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Figure 1-4

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery

Table 1-5

Characteristics Of Battery Cells

Table 2-1

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-2

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-3

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Table 2-4

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table 2-4 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Table 2-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Shipments Market Shares,

Units On the Road

2009 11

Figure 2-7

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 2-8

REVA Electric Car

Figure 2-9

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of Automotive

and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Table 2-10

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Figure 2-11

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table 2-12

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Table 2-13

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts, Penetration Analysis,

2009-2015

Table 2-14

Worldwide Automotive and Light Truck Small

Size Electric Vehicle (EV) Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-15

Worldwide Small Electric Vehicle (EV) Market

Forecasts, Units, 2009-2015

Table 2-16

Worldwide Small Car and Small Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Automotive Market Retail Forecasts,

Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-17

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Retail Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-18

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Shipments Retail Market Forecasts, Units,

2009-2015

Table 2-19

Worldwide Sedan Size Car and Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments and Automotive Market

Retail Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2009-201

Table 2-20

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table 2-21

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 2-22

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-23

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-24

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Table 2-25

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-26

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-27

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts, Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-28

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-29

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-30

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-31

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015

Figure 2-32

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-33

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry

Table 2-34

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport Power Systems

Figure 3-1

BMW’S Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Figure 3-2

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-3

BYD F3DM Front View

Figure 3-4

BYD F3DM Rear View

Figure 3-5

BYD F3 Moon Roof

Table 3-6

BYD Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Flexibility

Figure 3-7

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-8

BYD F6

Figure 3-9

Tesla Motors Roadster

Figure 3-10

Tesla Motors Roadster Torque and Power Graph

Figure 3-11

Model S by Tesla Motors

Figure 3-12

Daimler AG Smart car

Figure 3-13

Daimler Smart Car

Figure 3-14

Daimler Electric Mercedes

Figure 3-15

Prince Albert of Monaco Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-16

Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-17

Think Driver Console

Figure 3-18

Think Open

Figure 3-19

Think OX

Figure 3-20

Think City Electric Vehicle

Table 3-21

TH!NK City Specifications

Table 3-22

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-22 (Continued)

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-23

TH!NK City Features

Figure 3-24

Think Lineup of Electric Cars

Figure 3-25

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Front View

Figure 3-26

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Angle View

Figure 3-27

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Rear View

Figure 3-28

General Motors Chevrolet Volt

Figure 3-29

GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-30

General Motors EV1 Electric Car

Figure 3-31

XS500 Electric Car by Miles

Figure 3-32

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – In Traffic

Figure 3-33

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Battery Packaging

Figure 3-34

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 3-35

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Gray

Figure 3-36

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Interior

Figure 3-37

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Features

Figure 3-38

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car

Figure 3-39

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car Interior Engine and

Drive Train Layout

Figure 3-40

Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car

Figure 3-41

Subaru R1e Electric Car Plug Station

Figure 3-42

Subaru G4e Electric Car

Figure 3-43

Hybrid Technologies Electric Supercar

Figure 3-44

Electric Mini by PML

Figure 3-45

Test Electric Car by Nissan

Figure 3-46

REVA Electric Car

Figure 3-47

Zenn Auto

Figure 3-48

Zenn Electric Auto Close-up

Figure 3-49

Zenn Auto Parked in Street

Figure 3-50

Zenn Electric Auto – Gray with Sun Roof

Figure 3-51

Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

Figure 3-52

Commuter Cars Tango in Washington DC

Figure 3-53

Eliica Electric Car

Figure 3-54

Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

Figure 3-55

Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion

Figure 3-56

Toyota Hybrid Prius

Figure 3-57

Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-58

Toyota Electric Car

Table 3-59

Chrysler ENVI Electric Minivan Features

Figure 3-60

Interior of The Concept Car, The Chrysler 200C EV

Table 3-61

Chrysler Electric Vehicle Positioning

Table 3-62

Chrysler Electric Vehicle EV

Figure 3-63

Chrysler Electric Vehicles

Figure 3-64

Dodge Circuit EV

Table 3-65

Dodge Circuit EV Features

Figure 3-66

Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

Figure 3-67

Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV Features

Figure 3-68

Phoenix Motorcars SUT Truck

Figure 3-69

Phoenix Motorcars SUV Vehicle

Figure 3-70

Shelby Supercars

Figure 3-71

Shelby Supercars – Doors Raised

Figure 3-72

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure 3-73

Aptera 2e Pre-Production Models

Figure 3-74

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle

Figure 3-75

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle – Rear View

Figure 4-1

Altairnano Battery Performance:

Figure 4-2

EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Kit For Electric Vehicles

Figure 4-3

Electrica City Car – Red

Figure 4-4

Electrica City Car – Yellow

Figure 4-5

Electrica City Car – Open

Figure 4-6

Electrica City Car – Dashboard

Figure 4-7

Smart Fuel Cells (SFC) Supply The StartLab Open With Power

Table 4-8

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design

Table 4-9

Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Source: ITN.

Table 4-10

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties

Table 4-11

Comparison of battery performances

Table 4-12

Comparison Of Battery Performances

Table 4-13

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries

Table 4-14

Thin Film Batteries Technology

Table 4-15

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications

Figure 4-16

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible Battery Profiles

Figure 4-17

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries

Table 5-1

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

Table 5-2

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Table 5-2 (Continued)

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Table 5-2 (Continued)

A123 Systems Competitive Positioning

Figure 5-3

Aptera Vehicle Early Drawings

Figure 5-4

Assembly Facility: Vista, CA

Figure 5-5

Aperta Composite Facility: Carlsbad, CA

Figure 5-6

EnerDel Operations

Figure 5-7

EnerDel Lithium Power Systems

Figure 5-8

EnerDel Lithium Power USABC Contracts

Figure 5-9

EnerDel Lithium Power Think Projct

Table 5-10

Ford Key Government Energy Actions Recommendations

Figure 5-11

Sanyo Battery Targets 2020

Figure 5-12

REVA Electric Car

Figure 5-13

Saft Revenue H1 2008

Figure 5-14

Shelby Supercars

Figure 5-15

Think Auto Production Facility

Figure 5-16

TH!NK North America

Figure 5-17

Toyota Consolidated Vehicle Sales

Figure 5-18

Toyota Strategy

Figure 5-19

Toyota Car

 

Breakthrough technology in electric vehicles brings advancements that provide customers with personal transportation choices never before available. Electric vehicles are real. They come in a variety of styles and capabilities. The BMW features driving control and style. The Chinese BYD hybrid backed by Warren Buffet’s company has features that enable plug-in hybrid power train flexibility. It has a full battery-powered electric mode. The series-hybrid mode has an engine which drives a generator to recharge the batteries, acting as a rangeextender. There is a parallel hybrid mode, in which the engine and motor both provide propulsive power.

Electric vehicles represent a quantum shift in transportation. The design trajectories are varied; the opportunities are significant as a quantum shift occurs in what the vehicle basic functions are and how the vehicle works. The car companies that leverage the market opportunity to shift to a new paradyne are likely to succeed. There are others who merely try to migrate existing styles and designs to electric vehicles. Buggy whips come to mind.

The ability to plug a car into a hardened backyard set of batteries charged from a solar panel provides relief from gasoline spending. To have a second car, powered by a battery pack promises to provide growth of a new industry. The banks can loan against the car and the solar panel. Solar panels are evolving modular capability where they can be quickly installed and provide electricity for the car.

Investment in electric vehicle infrastructure is a priority. With countries seeking to invest in infrastructure that will provide economic growth, it is clear that special infrastructure for electric vehicles will stimulate growth from the private sector. Electric vehicle market segment is positioned for growth for vehicles used for local driving.

Worldwide nanotechnology thin film lithium-ion batteries are poised to achieve significant growth as units become more able to achieve deliver of power to electric vehicles efficiently. Less expensive lithium-ion batteries allow leveraging economies of scale and proliferation of devices into a wide range of applications. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Economies of scale leverage the lithium-ion battery nanotechnology advances needed to make lithium-ion batteries competitive. Nanotechnology provided by lithium-ion research solves the issues poised by the need to store renewable energy. Lithium-ion batteries switch price reductions are poised to drive market adoption by making units affordable.”

Nanotechnology results obtained in the laboratory are being translated into commercial products. The processes of translating the nanotechnology science into thin film lithium ion batteries are anticipated to be ongoing. The breakthroughs of science in the laboratory have only begun to be translated into life outside the lab, with a long way to go in improving the functioning of the lithium-ion batteries.

Unlike any other battery technology, thin film solid-state batteries show very high cycle life. Using very thin cathodes (0.05µm) batteries have been cycled in excess of 45,000 cycles with very limited loss in capacity. After 45,000 cycles, 95% of the original capacity remained.

Markets for electric vehicles at 685 units in 2008 are anticipated to reach 32.7 million autos shipped by 2015, growing in response to demand for a renewable energy powered vehicle that lowers the total cost of ownership by a significant amount. Lithium-ion batteries used in cell phones and PCs, and in cordless power tools are proving the technology to power electric vehicles. Early electric vehicles are being used as city cars, proving the feasibility of electric cars. Think in Norway has a viable manufacturing operation and 1,000 cars on the road. The large emerging markets are for hybrid and electric vehicles powered by renewable energy systems.

Table of Contents :
Figure ES-1
Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

1. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS
1.1 Auto Industry

1.1.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Forces

1.1.2 Cars Represent 20% Of The US Economic Retail Spending

1.1.3 Electric Vehicle Design Trajectories

1.2 Electric Vehicle EVs

1.2.1 EVs Cost Effective In City Conditions

1.2.2 Lithium-Ion Car Batteries

1.2.3 Private-Public Partnerships

1.3 Lithium-Ion Battery Target Markets

1.3.1 Project Better Place and the Renault-Nissan Alliance

1.3.2 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry

1.3.3 Electric Grid Services Market

1.3.4 Portable Power Market, Power Tools

1.4 Lithium-Ion Battery Technologies Transportation Industry Target Market

1.5 Energy Storage For Grid Stabilization

1.5.1 Local Energy Storage Benefit For Utilities

1.6 Applications Require On-Printed Circuit Board Battery Power

1.6.1 Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries

1.7 Smart Buildings

1.7.1 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors

1.8 Battery Safety / Potential Hazards

1.9 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction

1.10 Battery Is Electrochemical Device

1.11 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy

1.11.1 Characteristics Of Battery Cells

1.11.2 Batteries Are Designed Differently For Various Applications

2. ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS
2.1 Electric Vehicle Economic Market Driving Forces

2.1.1 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.1.2 Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.2 Electric Vehicle Market Shares

2.2.1 Daimler Safety Cell

2.2.2 Daimler Smart Car

2.2.3 BYD

2.2.4 Think Environmentally Friendly Vehicles

2.2.5 TH!NK City Safety Concept

2.2.6 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

2.2.7 GM Volt

2.2.8 GM Opel

2.2.9 Tesla Motors

2.2.10 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

2.2.11 Mitsubishi

2.2.12 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

2.2.13 BMW

2.2.14 REVA Electric Car

2.2.15 Ford Advances Electric Vehicle Technology

2.2.16 Ford Partnership With Utility Industry

2.2.17 Toyota Hybrid Prius

2.2.18 Nissan

2.2.19 Phoenix Motorcars

2.2.20 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

2.2.21 Chrysler

2.3 Electric Vehicles Market Forecasts

2.4 Electric Vehicle Battery Recharging

2.4.1 Changing Electric Vehicles On The Fly

2.5 2008 / 2009 Auto Sales Overview

2.5.1 Korean Cars Succeed In US

2.5.2 Total Vehicles Sold / GM Profile

2.5.3 GM Global Vehicle Sales and Market Share – 2007

2.5.4 Worldwide Automotive Sales For 2007

2.5.5 Deepening Slowdown

2.6 Electric Vehicles As A Very Fancy Golf Cart

2.7 Worldwide Nanotechnology Thin Film Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

2.7.1 Market Driving Forces

2.7.2 Nanotechnology Forms the Base for Lithium-Ion Batteries

2.7.3 Competitors

2.8 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.8.1 ExxonMobil Affiliate in Japan / Tonen Chemical

2.8.2 A123Systems Patent for Nanophosphate™ Lithium Ion Battery Technology

2.9 Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.10 Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Shares

2.10.1 BYD

2.10.2 Johnson Controls-Saft

2.10.3 Saft Battery Technologies

2.10.4 A123Systems 32 Series Automotive Class Lithium Ion™ Cells:

2.10.5 NEC and Nissen

2.10.6 LG Chem

2.10.7 EnerDel

2.10.8 Competition

2.11 Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Lithium-Ion Battery Market Forecasts

2.11.1 Largest Target Market, The Transportation Industry Thin Film Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery EV Market Thin Film Lithium-Ion And Lithium Polymer Automotive Batteries

3. ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
3.1 BMW

3.1.1 BMW Second Version Of The Electric Mini

3.2 BYD / MidAmerican Energy Holdings

3.2.1 Warren Buffet – MidAmerican, A Collection Of Electric Utilities In The Midwest

3.2.2 BYD Plug-in Hybrid Power Train Flexibility

3.2.3 BYD E6 Electric Car and F6

3.2.4 BYD E6 Electric Vehicle Specifications

3.3 Tesla Motors

3.3.1 Electric Roadster by Tesla Motors

3.3.2 Tesla Motors Next Generation Model S

3.3.3 Telsa Battery Pack And Frame

3.4 Daimler AG

3.4.1 Daimler Smart Car Model Features

3.4.2 Electric Car by Daimler Mercedes (2010)

3.5 Think

3.5.1 A123Systems / GE Production Contract for Norwegian Think Electric Vehicles

3.5.2 Think Overnight Power Top-Up

3.5.3 TH!NK City Safety Concept

3.5.4 TH!NK City Environmentally Friendly

3.5.5 Thinking Globally

3.6 General Motors

3.6.1 GM Volt

3.6.2 GM Challenge to Battery Developers

3.6.3 GM and A123Systems Co-Develop Lithium-Ion Battery Cell for Chevrolet Volt

3.6.4 GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

3.6.5 GM / Opel

3.6.6 GM Chevrolet Equinox Fuel-Cell Vehicles

3.7 Miles XS500 Electric Car

3.8 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule in Japan

3.8.1 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.2 Mitsubishi i MiEV Electric Car Pricing

3.8.3 i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi

3.8.4 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Coming to Europe

3.8.5 Mitsubishi Electric Car i MiEV Production Plans

3.8.6 i MiEV Electric Car Specifications

3.8.7 i MiEV Electric Car to be Sold 1 Year Ahead of Schedule

3.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car Source: Subaru.

3.9.1 Subaru Selling EVs In Japan In 2009

3.9.2 Subaru G4e Source: Subaru.

3.9.3 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

3.9.4 NEC / Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru Thin Film Battery Flat Shape

3.10 Electric Supercar by Hybrid Technologies

3.11 Electric Mini by PML

3.12 Electric Car by Nissan (2010-2012)

3.12.1 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

3.13 REVA Electric Car

3.14 Zenn Low Speed Electric Car

3.15 Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

3.16 Eliica Electric Car by KEIO University

3.17 Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

3.18 Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion by Students of Napoleon High School

3.19 Toyota Hybrid Prius

3.19.1 Toyota iQ Microcar

3.19.2 Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

3.20 Ford

3.21 Chrysler

3.21.1 Chrysler Town & Country EV

3.21.2 Chrysler Personal Mobility Revolution

3.21.3 Chrysler Dodge Circuit EV

3.21.4 Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

3.22 Phoenix

3.23 Shelby Supercars

3.24 Aptera

4. ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
4.1 Phoenix Motorcars Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Technology

4.1.1 Altairnano Battery Comparison

4.1.2 Lead-Acid Battery Technology

4.1.3 Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

4.1.4 Lithium-Ion

4.2 Globalization Model For Electric Cars

4.2.1 Better Place Electric Vehicle Network

4.2.2 Better Place has partnered with AGL Energy in Australia

4.3 EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Charging Kit

4.3.1 Smart Fuel Cells SFC

4.3.2 Citycom AG’s CityEL

4.4 Vendor Lithium-ion Battery Strategy

4.4.1 Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Characteristics

4.5 Challenges in Battery Design

4.5.1 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries Requirements

4.6 Vendor Lithium-Ion Battery Positioning

4.6.1 High-Quality, Volume Manufacturing Facilities

4.7 Applications Of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.8 Mobile Phone Industry

4.8.1 Nanowires

4.8.2 Thin Film Battery Enabling Chemistries

4.8.3 The Cathodes

4.8.4 Solid State Devices Provide More Energy Density

4.9 Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4.9.1 Lithium-Ion Battery Shortcomings

4.9.2 Charging

4.9.3 Applications

4.9.4 Costs

4.10 Lithium Cell Chemistry Variants

4.10.1 Lithium-ion

4.10.2 Lithium-ion Polymer

4.10.3 Other Lithium Cathode Chemistry Variants

4.10.4 Lithium Cobalt LiCoO2

4.10.5 Lithium Manganese LiMn2O4

4.10.6 Lithium Nickel LiNiO2

4.10.7 Lithium (NCM) Nickel Cobal Manganese – Li(NiCoMn)O2

4.10.8 Lithium Iron Phosphate LiFePO4

4.11 Operating Performance Of The Cell Can Be Tuned

4.12 Lithium Metal Polymer

4.12.1 Lithium Sulphur Li2S8

4.12.2 Alternative Anode Chemistry

4.13 ExxonMobil affiliate, Tonen Chemical Polyethylene-Based, Porous Film

4.14 Cymbet Alternate Manufacturing

4.15 Thin-Film Batteries Packaging

4.16 ITN Energy Systems Fibrous Substrates, PowerFiber

4.16.1 ITN Sensors

4.17 Cell Construction

4.18 Impact Of Nanotechnology

4.19 Thin Film Batteries

4.19.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs

4.19.2 High Power And Energy Density

4.19.3 High Rate Capability

4.20 Comparison Of Rechargeable Battery Performance

4.21 Polymer Film Substrate

4.22 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte

5. ELECTRIC VEHICLE COMPANY PROFILES

5.1 A123 Systems

5.1.1 A123 Systems Revenue

5.1.2 A123Systems Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering

5.1.3 A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

5.1.4 A123 Systems Competitive Advantage

5.1.5 A123 Systems Strategy

5.1.6 A123Systems and GE

5.1.7 A123 Acquisition of Hymotion

5.1.8 Procter & Gamble Duracell and A123 Systems Collaborate

5.1.9 Cobasys and A123 Systems

5.2 Aperta

5.3 Better Place Model

5.4 BMW

5.5 BYD

5.5.1 Warren Buffett Buys 10 Percent Stake In BYD Chinese Battery Manufacturer

5.6 E-One Moli Energy Group

5.7 Ener1

5.7.1 Ener1 Third Quarter 2008 Revenue

5.7.2 Ener1 Positioning Technology Originally Pioneered By Argonne National Lab

5.7.3 Ener1 Acquires Enertech Leading Korean Lithium-ion Battery Cell Producer

5.7.4 Ener1 / Enertech Specializes In Producing Large Format Flat (“Prismatic”) Cells

5.7.5 EnerDel Operations

5.8 Ford

5.8.1 Ford Electric Vehicle Positioning

5.8.2 Ford’s Comprehensive Sustainability Strategy

5.8.3 Ford Partnership With Southern California Edison Electric Utility

5.8.4 Ford Partnership with Johnson Controls-Saft for Thin Film Batteries

5.8.5 Ford Partnership with Utility Industry

5.8.6 Building A Business Case

5.8.7 Governments Of Japan, China, Korea, And India Significantly Funding EV Research

5.8.8 Ford Energy Future Vision

5.9 Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru

5.9.1 Subaru of America

5.9.2 Subaru of America Revenue 2008

5.10 General Motors

5.10.1 General Motors Factory In Michigan To Build Battery Packs

5.10.2 GM 2008 Global Sales of 8.35 Million Vehicles

5.10.3 GM Continues Growth in Emerging Markets

5.10.4 GM’s North America Regional Performance

5.10.5 GM Europe

5.10.6 GM Strongly Believes In The Electrification Of The Automobile

5.11 Miles Electric Vehicles

5.11.1 Miles Zero Emissions, Full Electric Car

5.12 Johnson Controls-Saft

5.13 LG Petrochemical

5.13.1 LG Chem

5.14 Mitsubishi

5.14.1 Fleet Testing Of The Zero-Emissions iMiev Electric Vehicle

5.15 NEC / Nissan Low-Cost Lithium-Manganese Batteries

5.15.1 NEC Lamilion Energy

5.16 Panasonic / Sanyo

5.17 Phoenix Motorcars

5.17.1 Phoenix Motorcars Customers: Maui Electric

5.17.2 Phoenix MC All-Electric, Light-Duty Trucks

5.18 REVA

5.18.1 REVA Car Features

5.18.2 REVA Globally Tested Product

5.19 Saft

5.19.1 Saft Battery Technologies

5.19.2 Saft Industrial Battery Group (IBG)

5.19.3 Saft Specialty Battery Group (SBG)

5.19.4 Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS)

5.19.5 Saft Research and Development

5.19.6 Johnson Controls-Saft United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)

5.20 Samsung

5.21 Shelby SuperCars

5.21.1 Sheffield International Finance Corporation

5.21.2 SSC Monthly Newsletter

5.22 Tesla Motors

5.22.1 Tesla Battery Packs

5.22.2 Tesla Roadster

5.22.3 Tesla Restructuring

5.23 Think

5.23.1 Think Manufacturing Capacity

5.23.2 Think Employees Called Back From Lay-Off

5.23.3 Think Confirms Interim Financing – Private Equity Firm Ener1 Group Is The Lead Investor

5.23.4 Kleiner Perkins And Rockport Capital, Two Leading Us Cleantech Investors Launch Joint Venture With Norwegian Electrical Vehicle Company Think

5.23.5 TH!NK city Crash-Tested And Highway-Certified EV

5.23.6 Think Strategic Partnership With Energy Giant General Electric

5.23.7 Think collaboration with Porsche Consulting

5.24 Toyota

5.25 ZENN Motor Company

5.25.1 Zenn Motor Strategic Energy Storage Partner, Eestor

List of Tables and Figures
Figure ES-1

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure ES-2

REVA Electric Car

Table ES-3

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table ES-3 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure ES-4

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Figure ES-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of

Automotive and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Figure ES-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table ES-7

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-7 (Continued)

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table ES-8

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 1-1

Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries

Figure 1-2

BMW’s Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Table 1-3

Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Figure 1-4

Typical Structure Of A Thin Film Solid State Battery

Table 1-5

Characteristics Of Battery Cells

Table 2-1

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-2

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-3

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Table 2-4

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Table 2-4 (Continued)

Electric Vehicle Market Driving Forces

Figure 2-5

Worldwide Electric Vehicles

On The Road Market Shares, Units, 2009

Table 2-6

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Shipments Market Shares,

Units On the Road

2009 11

Figure 2-7

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 2-8

REVA Electric Car

Figure 2-9

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Penetration of Automotive

and Light Truck Market Forecasts, Percent,

2009-2015

Table 2-10

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Figure 2-11

Worldwide Electric Vehicle Retail Forecasts, Dollars,

2009-2015

Table 2-12

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts and

Penetration Analysis, 2009-2015

Table 2-13

Worldwide Electric Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments

and Automotive Market Retail Forecasts, Penetration Analysis,

2009-2015

Table 2-14

Worldwide Automotive and Light Truck Small

Size Electric Vehicle (EV) Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-15

Worldwide Small Electric Vehicle (EV) Market

Forecasts, Units, 2009-2015

Table 2-16

Worldwide Small Car and Small Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Automotive Market Retail Forecasts,

Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-17

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Retail Market Forecasts, Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-18

Worldwide Sedan Size Automotive and Light Truck

Electric Vehicle (EV) Shipments Retail Market Forecasts, Units,

2009-2015

Table 2-19

Worldwide Sedan Size Car and Light Truck Electric

Vehicle (EV) Unit Shipments and Automotive Market

Retail Forecasts, Units and Dollars, 2009-201

Table 2-20

Reasons For Aggressive Forecast For Electric Vehicle Markets

Table 2-21

New Infrastructure, New Driving Modalities Brought By

Electric Vehicles

Table 2-22

Lithium-Ion Battery Market Driving Forces

Table 2-23

Energy Advantages Of Thin-Film Batteries

Figure 2-24

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Table 2-25

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-26

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-27

Worldwide Lithium-Ion and Advanced Lithium-ion

Battery Market Forecasts, Automotive, Power Tools,

Electric Grid, and PC Card, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-28

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-29

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Automotive Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2008

Figure 2-30

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Dollars, 2009-2015

Figure 2-31

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units, 2009-2015

Figure 2-32

Worldwide Lithium-Ion Thin Film Advanced Battery

Shipments, Market Shares, Units and Dollars, 2009-2015

Table 2-33

Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive,

Truck, and Bus Thin Film Battery Industry

Table 2-34

Integrated Thin Film Battery Personal Transport Power Systems

Figure 3-1

BMW’S Mini E Electric Car Powered By A Rechargeable

Lithium-Ion Battery

Figure 3-2

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-3

BYD F3DM Front View

Figure 3-4

BYD F3DM Rear View

Figure 3-5

BYD F3 Moon Roof

Table 3-6

BYD Plug-in Hybrid Powertrain Flexibility

Figure 3-7

BYD E6 Electric Car

Figure 3-8

BYD F6

Figure 3-9

Tesla Motors Roadster

Figure 3-10

Tesla Motors Roadster Torque and Power Graph

Figure 3-11

Model S by Tesla Motors

Figure 3-12

Daimler AG Smart car

Figure 3-13

Daimler Smart Car

Figure 3-14

Daimler Electric Mercedes

Figure 3-15

Prince Albert of Monaco Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-16

Driving TH!NK city

Figure 3-17

Think Driver Console

Figure 3-18

Think Open

Figure 3-19

Think OX

Figure 3-20

Think City Electric Vehicle

Table 3-21

TH!NK City Specifications

Table 3-22

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-22 (Continued)

Think City Standard Equipment:

Table 3-23

TH!NK City Features

Figure 3-24

Think Lineup of Electric Cars

Figure 3-25

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Front View

Figure 3-26

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Angle View

Figure 3-27

General Motors Chevrolet Volt – Rear View

Figure 3-28

General Motors Chevrolet Volt

Figure 3-29

GM Cadillac Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-30

General Motors EV1 Electric Car

Figure 3-31

XS500 Electric Car by Miles

Figure 3-32

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – In Traffic

Figure 3-33

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Battery Packaging

Figure 3-34

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Red

Figure 3-35

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Gray

Figure 3-36

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Interior

Figure 3-37

i MiEV Electric Car by Mitsubishi – Features

Figure 3-38

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car

Figure 3-39

Mitsubishi I Miev Electric Car Interior Engine and

Drive Train Layout

Figure 3-40

Fuji Heavy Industries / Subaru R1e Electric Car

Figure 3-41

Subaru R1e Electric Car Plug Station

Figure 3-42

Subaru G4e Electric Car

Figure 3-43

Hybrid Technologies Electric Supercar

Figure 3-44

Electric Mini by PML

Figure 3-45

Test Electric Car by Nissan

Figure 3-46

REVA Electric Car

Figure 3-47

Zenn Auto

Figure 3-48

Zenn Electric Auto Close-up

Figure 3-49

Zenn Auto Parked in Street

Figure 3-50

Zenn Electric Auto – Gray with Sun Roof

Figure 3-51

Commuter Cars Tango Electric Car

Figure 3-52

Commuter Cars Tango in Washington DC

Figure 3-53

Eliica Electric Car

Figure 3-54

Wrightspeed X1 Electric Car

Figure 3-55

Saturn SP1 Electric Car Conversion

Figure 3-56

Toyota Hybrid Prius

Figure 3-57

Toyota FT-EV Battery Electric Vehicle

Figure 3-58

Toyota Electric Car

Table 3-59

Chrysler ENVI Electric Minivan Features

Figure 3-60

Interior of The Concept Car, The Chrysler 200C EV

Table 3-61

Chrysler Electric Vehicle Positioning

Table 3-62

Chrysler Electric Vehicle EV

Figure 3-63

Chrysler Electric Vehicles

Figure 3-64

Dodge Circuit EV

Table 3-65

Dodge Circuit EV Features

Figure 3-66

Chrysler Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV

Figure 3-67

Jeep® Wrangler Unlimited EV Features

Figure 3-68

Phoenix Motorcars SUT Truck

Figure 3-69

Phoenix Motorcars SUV Vehicle

Figure 3-70

Shelby Supercars

Figure 3-71

Shelby Supercars – Doors Raised

Figure 3-72

Aptera Pre-Production Model 2e

Figure 3-73

Aptera 2e Pre-Production Models

Figure 3-74

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle

Figure 3-75

Aperta Three Wheel Vehicle – Rear View

Figure 4-1

Altairnano Battery Performance:

Figure 4-2

EFOY Pro Fuel Cell Kit For Electric Vehicles

Figure 4-3

Electrica City Car – Red

Figure 4-4

Electrica City Car – Yellow

Figure 4-5

Electrica City Car – Open

Figure 4-6

Electrica City Car – Dashboard

Figure 4-7

Smart Fuel Cells (SFC) Supply The StartLab Open With Power

Table 4-8

Challenges in Lithium-ion Battery Design

Table 4-9

Advantages of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Source: ITN.

Table 4-10

Thin Film Battery Unique Properties

Table 4-11

Comparison of battery performances

Table 4-12

Comparison Of Battery Performances

Table 4-13

Thin Films For Advanced Batteries

Table 4-14

Thin Film Batteries Technology

Table 4-15

Thin Film Battery / Lithium Air Batteries Applications

Figure 4-16

Polymer Film Substrate Thin Flexible Battery Profiles

Figure 4-17

Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargable Batteries

Table 5-1

A123 Systems Batteries Benefits

Table 5-2

A123 Systems C

About the Author

Minal H
SEO
vinod.minal@gmail.com
http://www.aarkstore.com

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