Posts Tagged ‘design’

On Smart Phone Themes

on Smart Phone Themes
How do i download a theme from online to my Blackberry Pearl?

i have a macbook lap top and I’ve gone online and downloaded themes to my computer and they come up with two files in them, a .cod and a .axl.

How do I go about getting the theme on my BB???
Thank you so much!

Beginning to think this phone is too smart for me

It is called a “smartphone” for a reason. :p, just playin’.

Plug in your Blackberry, and run the Desktop Manager. Once it synchronizes, go to “Add Applications” and point the directory to the folder containing the themes…and voila, it will install.

You should try to use “OTA” or Over The Air downloads as much as possible, that installs the theme right from your Blackberry Browser.

Jack Dorsey connected the dots to create Twitter
During the mid-1980s, an introverted young teenager named Jack Dorsey sat for countless hours at his father’s desk, in a small city outside of St. Louis, teaching himself to program on an early IBM personal computer. The boy who would one day invent Twitter… Jack Dorsey – Twitter – IBM – Online Communities – Social Networking

Smart Phone Icon

smart phone icon
smart phone icon
Army man with internet problems in Iraq, help!?

my husband has a axesstel Modem (mv140nvr) and he is very smart with computers, but when he tries to to the Internet (through Kalimat Telcom connect) the guy who sold it to him said, "to the phone icon and type go #". but my husband does not know what # He speaks. anyone understand any of this? It is our only chance to speak, plz help! thank you tara so I think ur modem right to be I need to find the WEP or WPA number. It is not in the modem and can not find it online. It is a mv140nvr Axess Tel wireless USB modem mv100n series, exact model number to me To help find it? It is not on their damn website!

possibly the WEP key?

Could the search for the perfect pair of jeans in the end of a former gas station 12South? Nashville Blues by Tracy Moore Ian Leach's voice is on average about once a week. It starts and friendly conversation takes, then the lift and tone the … [More] [subscribe to the comments on this story]

Smart Phone Usage Statistics Canada

Smart Phone Usage Statistics canada
[mage source=”flickr”]smart phone usage statistics canada[/mage]

Satellite television

History
passed the first satellite TV signal was from Europe to the Telstar satellite over North America in 1962. The first geostationary Communication satellite, Syncom 2 was launched in 1963 to life. The world's first commercial communications satellite, called Intelsat I (nicknamed Early Bird) was launched into orbit on 6 April 1965. The first national network of satellite television, called Orbita was in the Soviet Union was created in 1967, and was on the principle the use of the highly elliptical Molniya satellite for re-broadcasting and the provision of TV signal to ground downlink stations. The first domestic North American satellite Television wearing geostationary Anik 1 was Canada, which was established in 1972 to life. ATS-6, the world's first experimental educational and Direct Broadcast Satellite, was in 1974 Launched. to take the first Soviet geostationary satellites called Ekran Direct-To-Home TV, was launched in 1976 to life.
Technology
Satellites for TV signals are usually either naturally highly elliptical (with inclination of + / -63.4 degrees and orbital period of about 12 hours, even as Molniya orbit known) or geostationary Orbit 37,000 kilometers (22,300 miles) above the earth equator.
Satellite television, like other communications by satellite, starts with a transmitting antenna in an uplink facility located. Uplink satellite dishes are very large, as much as 9-12 meters (30-40 feet) in diameter. The results in larger diameter and more precisely targeted increases the signal strength at the satellite. The uplink antenna is to be transferred to a specific satellite uplink and the signals pointed out within a certain Frequency range, so that a vote of the transponder, that frequency range are received on board the satellite. The transponder transmits "the signals for Earth return, but known in a different frequency band (a process of translation used to avoid interference with the uplink signal), typically in the C-band (48 GHz) or Ku-band (1218 GHz), or both. The leg of the signal from the satellite to the receiving Earth station is called downlink.
A typical satellite has up to 32 transponders Ku-band and up to 24 for a C-band only satellite, or more for hybrid satellites. Typical transponders each have a bandwidth between 27 MHz and 50 MHz. Each geosynchronous C-band satellite needs to be a distance of 2 degrees by the next satellite (to avoid problems). In the distance can be a Ku degrees. This means that there is an upper Limit of 360 / 2 = 180 geostationary satellites in the C-band and 360 / 1 = 360 geostationary Ku-band satellites. C-band transmission is susceptible to the terrestrial Ku-band transmission is affected by rain (as water an excellent absorber of microwaves in this particular frequency).
The down-linked satellite signal, quite weak after traveling the great distance (see inverse-square law), is received by a parabolic dish, which reflects the weak signal the dish center collection point. Mounted on brackets at the dish's focal point is a device called a feedhorn. This feedhorn is essentially the flared front-end part of the waveguide, collects the signals in the near focal point and '' it leads to a probe or pickup connected to a low-noise block downconverter or LNB. The LNB amplifies the relatively weak signals, filters the block of frequencies in which the satellite TV signals are transmitted, and converts the block of spectrum to a lower Frequency in the L-band range. The development of the LNB was one of necessity and invention.
The original C-Band satellite TV systems used a low-noise amplifier with the feedhorn at the focal point of the mirror. The amplified signal was then over, and sometimes very expensive 50 Ohm impedance filled gas supplied to a hardline coaxial cable Indoor receiver or, in other designs fed to a buck (a mixer and a voltage controlled oscillator with some filter circuitry) for downconversion Intermediate frequency. The channel selection was controlled, which is typically of a voltage-controlled oscillator with the tuning voltage fed via a separate cable to the headend. But this Design developed.
Designs for microstrip based converters for Amateur Radio frequencies were adjusted for the 4 GHz C-band. The focus of these designs was concept block downconversion of a range of frequencies to a lower, and technically easy to handle block of frequencies (IF).
The advantages of using a LNB are that cheaper cable could be used to the indoor receiver to be connected with the satellite TV dish and LNB, and that the technology for handling with the signal in the L-Band and UHF was far cheaper than the costs of processing the signal at C-band frequencies. The switch to cheaper technology from the 50 ohm impedance cable and N-Connectors of the early C-band systems, the cheaper 75 Ohm F-connector technology and allowed the early satellite TV receiver to use, what changed in reality, UHF TV tuners which selected the satellite television channel for down conversion to another lower intermediate frequency of 70 MHz, where it was demodulated centered. This shift allowed the satellite television DTH industry from a hobbyist largely a built in receiver in small numbers and complete systems were expensive (change cost thousands of dollars) to a far more commercial mass production.
Direct Broadcast Satellite dishes with an LNB, the LNB fitted integrated with the feedhorn.
The satellite receiver demodulates and converts the signals into the desired form (outputs for television, audio, data, etc.). Sometimes contains the recipient to decrypt to decode, or the receiver is then called an Integrated Receiver / Decoder or IRD. The cable connects the receiver to the LNB or LNB, the low Loss type RG-6 quad shield RG-6 or RG-11, etc. It can not be standard RG-59.
Standards
Analogue TV will be broadcast on satellite without encryption in general or scrambled, or sent in NTSC, PAL, SECAM or television standards. The analog signal is modulated and frequency of an FM signal, which is known as baseband converted. This includes the baseband video signal and the audio subcarrier (s). The audio subcarrier is further demodulated to a raw audio signal.
If the signal is a digitized TV signal or multiplex signals, it is typically QPSK.
In general, digital television, including that transmitted via satellites, are generally based on open standards such as MPEG and DVB-S and ISDB-S.
The conditional access encryption / scrambling methods include BISS, Conax, Digicipher, Irdeto, Nagravision, PowerVu, Viaccess, Videocipher and VideoGuard. Many conditional access systems has been compromised.
The categories of use
There are three primary types of satellite television Usage: reception direct by the viewer, reception by local television affiliates, or reception by headends for distribution across terrestrial cable systems.
Directly at the viewer reception includes direct broadcast satellite or DBS receive and television programs will or TVRO, both for households and businesses, including Hotels, etc.
Direct Broadcast via Satellite
Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) also known as "Direct-To-Home" is known to a relatively new development in the World of television distribution. irect satellite can either refer to the communications, satellites provide DBS service itself or the actual television service. DBS systems are commonly as a "mini-dish" called systems. DBS uses the upper part of the Ku-band, and part of the Ka-band.
Modified DBS systems can also run on C-band satellites and have been around have been used by some networks in the past by some countries against reception of Ku-band transmissions.
Most of the DBS systems use the DVB-S standard for the transfer. With the pay-TV services, encrypts the data stream, and requires proprietary reception equipment. While the underlying technology is similar occupied, is the pay-TV technology proprietary, often consisting of a Conditional Access Module and smart card.
This measure assures satellite television providers that only authorized, paid subscribers have access to pay-TV content, but at the same time to free-to-Air (FTA enable) channels to also by the people with standard equipment (DBS receiver be seen without the Conditional Access Modules) available in the market.
Television receive only
The term Television receive only, or TVRO emerged in the early Days of satellite TV receiving them from commercial satellite television uplink and downlink operations (transmit and receive differentiate). That was before a DTH satellite TV Broadcast industry. Satellite TV channels at that time were designed to receive cable television network rather than from home viewers. Satellite TV receiver systems were formed mostly by hobbyists and engineers. These TVRO system operated were bound mainly to the C-band frequencies and the dishes great, typically about 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. Consequently TVRO is often referred to as "big dish" or "Big Ugly Dish" (BUD) called satellite TV.
TVRO Systems are designed to receive analog and digital satellite feeds, both for television and audio from both C-band and Ku-band transponders on FSS-type satellites. The higher frequency Ku-band systems tend to be Direct To Home systems and a smaller satellite dish because of the higher power transfer and a greater use of antenna gain.
TVRO Systems tend to use larger rather than smaller satellite dish antennas, since it is likely that the owner of a TVRO system would be a C-band setup have instead of a Ku-band setup. Additional receiver boxes allow for different types of digital satellite reception, as DVB/MPEG-2 and 4DTV.
The narrow beam Width of a normal parabolic satellite antenna means it can only receive signals from a single satellite at a time. Simulsat Vertex RSI or torus, is a quasi-parabolic Satellite Earth Station Antenna, is suitable for receiving satellite transmissions from 35 or more C-and Ku-band satellites simultaneously.
Direct to Home TV
Today get Most satellite TV customers in developed markets its TV programming through a Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) provider, such as Dish TV or DTH platform. The provider chooses the programs and broadcasts them to the participants as a set package. Basically the objective provider dozens or even hundreds of channels to bring to the client television in a form approaches to competition with cable TV. Unlike earlier programming, the broadcast provider is completely digital, which means it has a great picture and stereo sound quality. Early satellite television was in the C-band broadcast – radio in the 3.4-gigahertz (GHz) to 7 GHz frequency range. Digital broadcast satellite transmits programming in the Ku frequency range (10 GHz to 14 GHz). There are five major components involved in a direct to home (DTH) satellite system: the programming source, the broadcast center, the satellite, the satellite dish and receiver.
Programming sources are only the channels that provide programming for broadcast. The supplier (the DTH platform doesn) create original programming itself, it pays other companies (HBO, for example, or on ESPN or STAR TV or Sahara, etc.) for the right to have their content Satellite be broadcast. In this way, the provider is a reseller of programming sources. (Cable television networks is also working on the same principle.) The broadcast center, the central Hub of the system. On the broadcast playout center or the uplink and able to receive the TV signals from various sources, programming provider, compresses the signals using digital compression (scrambling if necessary), and beams a broadcast signal at the correct satellite. The satellite receive the signal from the transmitter and rebroadcast it on the floor. The viewer takes the signal from the satellite dish (or multiple satellites in the same part of the sky) and passes it to the receiver in the viewer home. The receiver processes the signals and passes them to a standard television. These are the steps in detail:
Programming
Satellite TV providers get programming from two main sources: International turnaround channels (such as HBO, ESPN and CNN, STAR TV, SET, B4U etc) and various local channels (Sabe TV, Sahara TV, Doordarshan, etc). Most of the turnaround channels also provide programming for cable television, is so often some of the DTH platforms in some specific exclusive channels to add more subscriptions to win. Turnaround Channels usually have a distribution center that beams their programming to a geostationary satellite. pick up the broadcast center uses large satellite dishes that analog and digital signals from different sources.
Broadcasting Center
The broadcast center converts all of this programming language in a high-quality, uncompressed digital Data stream. At this point the stream contains a large amount of data, about 270 megabits per second (Mbps) for each channel. In order to transmit the signal from there, has the broadcast center to compress it. Otherwise it would be too big to handle for the satellite. The providers use the MPEG-2 compressed video format the same format used save your movies on DVDs. With MPEG-2 compression, the provider can reduce the 270-Mbit / s data stream to about 3 or 10 Mbit / s (depending on the type of programming). This is the crucial step that was taken DTH service a success. With digital compression, a typical satellite can transmit about 200 channels. Without digital Compression, it can be transmitted over 30 channels. On the broadcast center, is the high-quality digital video stream of a MPEG-2 encoder that converts the programming MPEG-2 video the correct size and format for the satellite receiver in your home.
Encryption and transmission
After the video is compressed, the provider needs to encrypt it in order to access people from keeping it free of charge. Encryption scrambles the digital data in a way that can decrypt (Converted back into usable data) if the recipient has the correct decoding satellite receiver with a decryption algorithm and security keys. Once the signal is compressed and encrypted, winner of the broadcast center is just off one of its satellites. The satellite takes the signal, amplifies it and radiates it back to Earth, where the Viewers can pick it up.
The court
A satellite dish is just a special type of antenna designed to focus on a specific broadcast source. The standard dish consists of a parabolic (bowl-shaped) surface and a central feed horn. A signal is transmitted, a controller sends it through the horn, and the dish focuses the signal into a relatively narrow beam. The dish can be on the receiving end of transmission of information, but can only receive. The receiving antenna works in the exact opposite direction of the transmitter. When a light beam hits the curved dish, the parabola shape reflects the radio signal inside to a certain point, just like a concave mirror focuses light at a certain point. The curved dish focuses incoming radio waves on the feed horn. In this case is the point of the dish feed horn, the signal receiving on the device. In an ideal setup, there aren no major obstacles between the satellite and the antenna the court receives a clear signal. In some systems, the dish on the signals from two or more satellites at the same time. The satellites can closely enough together, that a regular cup with a single horn can pick up signals from both. This compromises quality somewhat, because the shell ISN directly to one or more Target the satellite. A new dish design uses two or more horns to pick up different satellite signals. As the rays from different satellite hit the curved dish, they reflect at different angles, so that one beam hits one of the horns and another beam hits a different horn. The central element in the feed horn is the low noise level Block downconverter or LNB. The LNB amplifies the signal bounce off the dish and filters out the noise (signals do not carry programming). The LNB directs the filtered strengthened Signal to the satellite receiver inside the viewer's house.
The receiver
Further information: Set-Top-Box
The final component in the entire satellite TV system is the receiver. The receiver has four essential jobs: It de-scrambles the encrypted signal. To unlock the signal, the recipient requires the proper decoder chip for the application package. The provider can communicate with the chip to make on the satellite signal to make the necessary adjustments decoding programs. The provider may occasionally send a signal that disrupt illegal de-scramblers, as an electronic countermeasure (ECM) against illegal users. It takes the digital MPEG-2 signal and converts it into an analog format that a standard TV can recognize. Since the receiver spits out only one channel at a time when you can watch one program and tape another. You can also see two different programs on two TVs to connect to the same recipient. To do these things that are standard on conventional cable to do, must You buy an additional receiver. Some receivers have a number of other functions. Take a programming language schedule signal from the provider and present this information in an on-screen programming guide. Many receivers have parental-out options, and some have built-in digital video recorders (DVRs), with the record you "Pause Live TV or to be on a hard drive. While digital satellite broadcast service is still missing, some of the basic features of conventional cable (the ability to easily split signals between different TVs and VCRs, for example) are varied programming selection and extended service areas has now seen as an alternative.
Satellite television by region and country
Africa
South African-based Multichoice's DStv is the main digital satellite TV provider in South Africa the Sahara, broadcasting mainly in English but also Portuguese, German and Afrikaans. Canal Horizons, part of the French Canal + is the most important Provider in French-speaking Africa. Another vendor in the satellite-television circuit in Africa is MyTvAfrica, a subsidiary of Dubai Strong Technologies. Satellite television was far more successful than in Africa cable can primarily because the infrastructure for cable television does not exist and would be expensive, since majority of Africans do not install Provide cable TV paid. It will also provide a cable network is expensive because of the need to cover large and sparsely populated areas, but there are some terrestrial pay-TV and MMDS services.
The start made by Free2view satellite TV available to the masses in Africa. Free2view currently broadcasts as an exclusive news channel MSNBC and is about the development of additional channels.
GTV, a British-based company has become the second in sub-Saharan Africa providing digital satellite TV with the Focus initially on Kenya Uganda, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Congo ETC.
Nigeria
DStv traditionally had a monopoly over Nigeria's three satellite television sector, but new companies, start-tv HiTVmytv and trend to compete in this sector
Sudan
Sudan TV, the state-owned national network is available via satellite and Broadcast.
The Americas
United States
It has been suggested that this section in a new article entitled satellite television in the United States be split. (Discuss)
Currently, there are two primary providers of satellite TV subscription-based service available to United States consumers: Dish Network and DirecTV.
In the past three decades, various U.S. satellite services have come and gone or combined to form the current primary care. In 1975, RCA Satcom 1, the first satellite designed specifically for use of integrated then created the three national television stations (CBS, NBC and ABC). Later that year, HBO leased a transponder on Satcom 1 and began transmission of television programs via satellite to cable networks. Owners of cable systems paid $ 10,000 to 3-meter dishes install to TV signals in the C-band received. In 1976, Taylor Howard built an amateur system, which consisted of a converted military surplus radar dish and a satellite receiver designed and constructed by Howard, for satellite reception at home. Taylor's system could be used for receiving TV programs both from American and Soviet communication satellites be. In 1977, Pat Robertson launched the first satellite-delivered basic cable service called the CBN Cable Network. In 1979, the Satellite Home Viewers Act allowed homeowners to own in the U.S. operate and own home satellite system, consisting of C-band equipment from a variety of manufacturers, which were parts for systems such as Taylor Howard's started and a great controversy, which channels could be received by whom.
BUSA a direct-to-Home Service was founded in 1981. In the early 1990s, this partnership with Hughes and continued until 1998, bought by DirecTV.
In 1991 Primestar launched the first North American DBS service. Hughes DirecTV, the first national high-powered upper Ku-band DBS system, went online in 1994. The DirecTV system became the new vehicle for delivery of BUSA. In 1996, EchoStar Dish Network online in the United States and has went to similar success as DirecTV primary competitors. The Alpha STAR Service in 1996 launched and went into bankruptcy in 1997. Dominion Video Satellite Inc's Sky Angel also went online in the United States in 1996 with its DBS service geared towards "faith and family". Primestar sold its assets to Hughes in 1999 and switched from DBS to an IPTV platform.
In 2004, Cablevision Voom service went online, specifically catering to the emerging market for HDTV owners and aficionados, but folded in April 2005. The service xclusive high-definition channels have been migrated to the Dish Network system. Commercial DBS services are the most important Competition for cable TV service, although the two types of services significantly different regulatory requirements (for Thus, a cable television public access requirements, and the two types of distribution have different regulations regarding carriage of local stations).
90cm multiple-LNA toroidal satellite dish
The majority of ethnic-language broadcasts in North America on Ku band free-to-air place. The largest concentration of ethnic programming is on Galaxy 19 at 97 W. Pittsburgh International Telecommunications and GlobeCast World TV offers a mix of free and pay-TV ethnic channels in the international standard DVB-S format, as well as others. Home2US Communications Inc. also offers several ethnic channels on AMC-4 at 101 W, as well as other free and pay-TV channels. Several US-English Language Network Partners (representing CBS, NBC, ABC, PBS, FOX, CW (formerly the WB and UPN), ION network, and MyNetworkTV) are available as free-to-air broadcasts, there are the three US-Spanish language networks (Univisin, Telefutura and Telemundo). The number of free-to-air specialty channels is otherwise rather limited. Specific FTA offerings tend to appear and usually disappear fairly often, and with little or no notice, although sites such as LyngSat do track the changing availability of both free and pay channels worldwide.
On 7 October 2009, planned to NAB TV Board Paul Karpowicz chair to testify before the Senate Communications Subcommittee that broadcasters would be willing to allow the distant signals to subscribers, to continue to do so, even if the digital transition resulted in those subscribers receiving stations that they did not before. The NAB has, however, the supply of new distant signals when a digital signal was available. The Satellite TV Modernization Act was passed by the end of 2009. The House bill also allows Dish Network to offer distant signals. On 5 November, said Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, he hopes for a "short-term agreement" on the bill left the Committee 24 September. If the Senate agrees, the House will approve the bill, and if the two versions can not be reconciled, could import the license for the signals, which expires at the end of the year may be extended. The House version included an agreement with EchoStar, as far as possible, all 210 markets could receive signals, and EchoStar could again deliver distant signals.
The Senate approved Commerce a version of the bill on 19 November, without an amendment requiring local signals in all markets in three years, although a study carried out on would be why 30 markets still had a problem. Before the Senate approval, the two versions of the bill will have to be reconciled, the judiciary Committee had set a short market, while the Committee commerce PBS in HD requires earlier.
The House has the Satellite Home Viewer Act reauthorization third December. It included both the House Commerce Committee and House Judiciary Committee releases and renews the ability to use distant signals for five years allowed, Dish Network distant signals to offer again and requires 28 markets to receive signals not available locally. The bill also deals with some copyright issues and the necessary Dish Network HD signals up to 2011 non-commercial supply instead of 2013th
One possible problem: determining who can not receive a signal is still to analogous as digital TV.
To 11 February 2010, said the Senate majority leader, Harry Reid, the satellite was part of a reauthorization bill Jobs. Rick Boucher, House Chairman for communication and the Internet, believed the bill would pass. Deadline is March, as it has been extended 60 days.
Canada
At present There are two primary providers of satellite TV subscription-based service available to Canadian consumers: TV and Bell Shaw Direct.The CRTC has refused American Satellite Services License, but hundreds of thousands (to have a million by some estimates) of Canadians access or have American services in general, these services are accessed, made to a U.S. address in the account and are paid in U.S. dollars, although some American viewers signals received by pirate decryption. Whether such an activity is gray market or black market is the source of often heated debate between those who want more choice and those who argue that the protection Canadian firms and Canadian culture is more important. In October 2004, judges decided Danile Ct Quebec Canada Act Radiocommunication Conference in direct violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, as far as it prohibits the reception of unlicensed foreign television services. The ruling has to eliminate the federal government a one-year deadline for this violation of the Constitution. But this appeal to Supreme Court of Canada decisions and, at the last word in late summer 2004 was expected to be appealed. [Edit] In addition, continued Canadian satellite providers are plagued by the unquestionably black market devices which "pirate" or "steal" their signals as well as by a number of otherwise completely lawful devices which re-programmed to pirate TV can be received. Although there are no official statistics, the use of American satellite services in Germany seems as some would claim in 2004, this is probably due to a combination of declining to be more aggressive enforcement of the police and an unfavorable exchange rate between the Canadian and U.S. currencies. As the U.S. dollar has to decline in 2005 international against other currencies, the decline DirecTV in terms of audience numbers in Canada may also not related to differences in costs are as much as the series of smart card swaps which the first three generations of DirecTV access Maps (F made, H and HU) all obsolete.
Latin America
Latin America main satellite system are SKY Latin America, about 1.4 million subscribers in each of Brazil and Mexico and Latin America has DirecTV, the service provides the rest of the Americas, with a total of around 1.3 million subscribers. Pay-TV is not popular among Latin Americans because fees are expensive in PPP.
The service includes Brazilian Digital TV with Dolby Digital surround support offered, MTS, and multiple subtitle options, a first for the Brazilian market. A recent update to Sky's services in Brazil is Sky +, which the customer to a program while another, more Sky HD offers currently accommodate up to 29 High Definition channels can. Services are relatively expensive, so the market penetration is still limited.
Asia
Bangladesh
There are several satellite providers in Bangladesh. The most important are listed below: – – # Bangla Vision – NTV # – # RTV – ATN Bangla # – # Channel I – Channel # 1 – # Kasturi – # DD – # Boishaki TV – ETV # – # DESH TV – TV Diganta # – # Islamic TV – # STVUS –
Kazakhstan
The first TV channel salellite in Kazakhstan, CaspioNet was of the Khabar news agency started in 2002.
Malaysia
Astro's "mini-antenna.
Malaysia only satellite television operator, Measat Broadcast Network Systems (a subsidiary of Astro All Asia Networks plc) launched Astro in 1996. It holds exclusive rights from the Malaysian government to satellite television services in the country to offer over the 2017.
Japan
The average Broadcasting Satellite for experimental purposes (BSE) was approved by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MOPT) designed and developed by the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) since 1974. Then cried the first Japanese experimental broadcasting satellite services, BSE or Yuri, was established in 1978 established. NHK started experimental broadcasting TV program with BS-2a satellite on May 1984. The satellite BS-2a was started in preparation for the start of full scale 2-channel broadcasts. Broadcasting Satellite BS-2a was the first national DBS (direct broadcast satellite), transmitting signals directly into the home of TV viewers. Position control of the satellite conducted was with the three axial (zero momentum), and design life was five years. The TV transponder units are designed to sufficiently strengthen transmitted signals to enable Reception by small, 40 or 60 cm home-use satellite dishes. The satellite was equipped with 3 TV transponders (including reserve units). However, a malfunctioning transponder 2 months after launch (March 23, 1984) and a second transponder malfunction 3 months after launch (May 3, 1984). This gave the planned satellite-radio be adapted to quickly to test broadcasting on a single channel. Later, NHK started regular service (NTSC) and experimental HDTV broadcasting using BS-2b on June 1989. Some Japanese manufacturer of consumer electronics devices at home began to provide TVset, VCRs and even home acoustic systems equipped with integrated satellite tuner or receiver. In such electronic goods had a specific BS logo. In April 1991, Japanese company JSB started pay TV service while BS-3 communication satellite in use was. In the year 1996 will total number of households that satellite broadcasting more than 10 million €. The modern two satellite systems in use in Japan are BSAT and JCSAT, the modern digital WOWOW Broadcasting Satellite service uses BSAT satellites, while other system of digital TV broadcasting SKY PerfecTV! Uses JCSAT satellites.
Pakistan
In recent years, a lot of investment in television industry in Pakistan. There are more than 90 satellite channels operating in Pakistan and about 40 directly operate their transmission from Dubai, Thailand, Bangkok and the UK. [Edit]
Philippines
Dream Satellite TV is pay DTH service of Philippine Multimedia Service Inc. (PMSI)
Cignal Digital TV is pay DTH service by Mediascape, Inc.
G Sat is pay DTH service of FUBC.
Thailand
See also: TrueVision
and the media in Thailand
TrueVision is the leading pay-TV service from Thailand Cable TV, operating in Bangkok and satellite TV throughout the country. TrueVision is True Corporation. Viet Nam Sat is only in 4 / started in 2008 and GMM Grammy is the second pay-TV service in Thailand
Australasia
Australia
Satellite TV in Australia has proven to be far more feasible option than cable television are due to the large distances between population centers. The first service to come online in Australia Galaxy, which is adopted by Cable Television giant Foxtel, which now operates both cable and satellite services was made was all the main cities (except Darwin and Hobart) and the whole of Western Australia. The major metropolitan areas Rival was Optus Vision, while rural areas are served by Austar, both of which just rebroadcast Foxtel than in 2005. In 2006 SelecTV began operating, aiming at providing relatively low cost packages and catering to specific market segments.
New Zealand
In New Zealand, SKY Network Television offers multichannel digital satellite TV, in addition to its non-digital terrestrial UHF service. The newly released Freeview service is also available on the Optus D1 satellite, and a high definition digital terrestrial Service.
Europe
Continental Western Europe
In Europe, DBS satellite services found mainly on Astra and Hotbird satellites (operated by Eutelsat.) BSkyB (known as Sky) is the United Kingdom. SKY Italia, Canal Digitaal and UPC being the main provider in Italy, the Netherlands and Central Europe.
The market share of DBS satellite services in 2004 was 21.4% of all TV households, but this varies widely from country to country. For example, in Germany, with many free-to-air TV stations, DBS market share of almost 40% and in Belgium and the Netherlands, only about 7%, due to widespread cable networks with exclusive content.
Russian Federation
The first Soviet communication satellite, called Molniya (or "Lightning"), was launched in 1965. By November 1967 the national system of satellite television, called Orbit was used. The system consisted of three highly elliptical Molniya satellite, Moscow-based ground uplink facilities and about 20 downlink stations, in cities and towns remote regions of Siberia and the Far East. Each station had received a 12-meter parabolic antenna and transmitters for broadcasting new TV signal to local households.
Though a large part of the Soviet central regions were not yet covered by Molniya satellite transponders. By 1976 Soviet engineers developed a relatively simple and inexpensive System of satellite television (especially for Central and Northern Siberia). It consisted of geostationary satellites called Ekran with powerful 300 W UHF transponders, a broadcasting uplink station and various simple receiving stations equipped in various cities and villages of Siberian region. The typical receiving station, also called Ekran, represented itself as a Home-use analog satellite receiver equipped with a simple Yagi-Uda antenna. Later, Ekran satellites were replaced by more advanced Ekran-M satellite series.
In 1979, Soviet Engineers developed Moskva (or Moscow) system of broadcasting and providing TV signals via satellite. New type of geostationary communications satellites, called Gorizont, were initiated. They were equipped by powerful onboard transponders, so that was the size of the receiving parabolic antennas of downlink stations reduced to 4 and 2.5 meters (compared to earlier 12 – meter dishes of standard orbital downlink stations).
Until 1989, called an improved version of the Moskva system of satellite television been Global'naya Moskva (Moscow or Global). The system includes a few geostationary Gorizont and Express type of communication satellites. Global satellite TV signal from Moscow could be received in any country in the world except Canada and north-western United States.
Modern Russian satellite broadcasting services based on powerful geostationary Buses such as Gals, Express, Yamal and Eutelsat, a large amount of free-to-air TV channels available to millions of households. Pay-TV becomes more popular among the Russian TV viewers. The NTV Russia news company, owned by Gazprom, NTV Plus package to 560,000 households sends reaches over 1.5 million viewers. –
Britain and Ireland
Sky digital "mini-antenna"
The first commercial DBS service in the United Kingdom, Sky Television, was launched in 1989 and used the newly launched ASTRA satellite, with 4 analog TV channels. The channels and subsequent VideoCrypt video encryption system uses the existing PAL broadcast standard. This Sky gave a decisive advantage over the winner of the British state DBS license, BSB.
In the following year, after many delays, BSB was launched, broadcasting five channels (Well, Galaxy, format, The Movie Channel, The Power Station and the sports channel) in D-MAC and use the € Cypher video encryption system that heavily on the general instruments Videocipher system was used in the U.S.. While the BOD system was technologically more advanced than the PAL system and one of the main selling points BOD Squarial the offer was an expensive flat plate antenna and LNB. Sky system used conventional and cheap dish and LNB technology.
The competition between the two Companies was fierce and bidding wars for the British rights to movies. Sky kept costs to a bare minimum, operating from an industrial estate in Isleworth in West London. BSB had expensive offices in London (Marco Polo House). The two services, which later merged British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB), although the new form BSkyB was really Sky. The technologically advanced BSB D-MAC/EuroCypher system was gradually replaced with Sky's VideoCrypt video encryption system.
In 1994 17% of the group was floated on the London Stock Exchange (listed with ADRs on the New York Stock Exchange) and Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation owns a 35% interest.
By 1999, after the launch of several satellites (At 19.2E SES Astra, the number of channels had about 60 and BSkyB launched the first subscription-based digital TV platform in the UK and offers a range of 300 channels broadcast from the Astra satellites at 28.2E increased under the brand name Sky Digital. BSkyB's analogue service on 31 Completed in December 2001 and all customers have migrated to Sky Digital.
In May 2008, a free-to-air satellite service from BBC and ITV Freesat was launched under the brand name, the implementation of a variety of channels, including some of the content in HD formats.
Nordic countries
The first satellite service that was set specifically to the Northern Region TV3, which in 1987 launched. With the launch of Astra 1A gotten, the TV3 channel even easier. The first Nordic-specific satellite, Tele-X was launched in 1989. The services directed at Scandinavia were then between several satellites distributed. In 1993, the former BSB satellites were bought by a Swedish and a Norwegian company, respectively. These two satellites were renamed Thor 1 and Sirius 1, moved, determines new positions and broadcasting services for people in the Nordic region. With the introduction of additional Thor and Sirius satellites later in the 1990s, Astra and other satellites were abandoned by the Nordic services with almost all Nordic satellite television migration on Thor and Sirius satellites.
Initially the basic channels free-to-air. This led to some problems, since the rights were spectators all over Europe to see in a position very much acquired English language skills Programming, and sports for free on the Nordic channels, although only the sender instead of broadcasting rights for specific countries. One way of avoiding that PAL was from the D2-MAC standard switch, hardly used anywhere outside the Nordic region. An unencrypted channel could still seen in all the Nordic satellite homes be, so that eventually all channels went encrypted (several of them are only in one country). There are two competing satellite services: Canal Digital are (Norwegian Telenor) and Viasat (Kinnevik). Canal Digital launched in 1997 and was from the beginning, digital, broadcasting from Thor. Kinnevik had the operation of an analogue subscription service since the late 1980s, but waited until 2000 before the introduction of a digital service. All analogue services from Thor and Sirius will have ceased in 2006 when the three remaining Danish channels go digital-only. The competition between Viasat and Canal Digital has some homes in Scandinavia have led to buy two set-top boxes and have two Subscription to the full range of channels. Viasat does not own channels (TV3, TV3 +, ZTV, TV1000 and Viasat-branded channels) on the Canal Digital platform. Canal Digital, however, has exclusive distribution of channels from SBS Broadcasting, Discovery, TV2 Denmark and Euro sport, for many years the Swedish SVT and TV4 channels were also exclusive to Canal Digital.
Middle East & North Africa
The Middle East has received a high penetration of television households via DTH satellite. One of the pioneers of free-to-air digital satellite television is considered to be MBC, which broadcast on C-Band began with Arabsat and is the first network in the world to a free-to-air Western based offer English language movie channel to the Middle East audience via its spinoff channel MBC 2nd Its direct competitor is as Dubai, UAE based One TV will be, earlier than Channel 33, which was the first channel in the Middle East to provide English language general entertainment programs for the emigrant community.
Nourmina Channel is the first satellite channel owned by a Jordanian national of the private sector, which broadcasts on Nile Sat 12303H reluctantly, all the Arab countries, Africa and much of Europe – The first digital DTH pay-TV covers network has to offer to Indian Entertainment Orbit Satellite Television and Radio Network broadcasting via Eurobird 2 (Ku band), later on Showtime Arabia, a joint venture between Viacom (21% stake) and KIPCO (79% stake) started broadcasting via PanAmSat (C-Band), but later on to Nilesat (KU band) turned on. Arab Radio and Television Network (ART) now known as Arab Digital Distribution although a late comer gained ground by broadcasting exclusive sports events. Most of the most popular channels on these satellites and orbital transfer positions: Arabsat 26E to 100.5E and 105.5E AsiaSat, Eutelsat Hot Bird at 13E, Nilesat at 7W and PanAmSat at 68.5E. + There are currently two primary providers of satellite TV subscription service available to Canadian consumers: Bell Direct TV and Shaw.
In Israel, Satellite TV services have been introduced by YES! Companies, with Israeli based Amos (satellite).
See also
Satellite dish
Microwave antenna
Commercialization of space
FTA Receivers
Molniya orbit
References
^ Robertson, Lloyd (9/11/1972). "Anik A1 Start: Bridging the Gap". CBC English TV. http://archives.cbc.ca/500f.asp?id=1-75-92-594. From 25/01/2007.
^ BBC News: Country profile: Sudan. Last updated at 13:38 GMT, Wednesday, 18 June 2008 14:38 UK. Retrieved 13th July 2008.
^ LyngSat Tracking
^ Eggerton, John (10/06/2009). "NAB does not oppose, is grandfathering some distant signals." Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/356999-NAB_Won_t_Oppose_Some_Grandfathering_Of_Distant_Signals.php?rssid=20068&q=digital+tv. From 10/09/2009.
^ Eggerton, John (5/11/2009). "Leahy reauthorization Looks for 'Short Time' Agreement on Satellite." Broadcasting & Cable. Http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/382942-Leahy_Looks_for_Short_Time_Agreement_on_Satellite_Reauthorization.php?rssid=20068&q=digital+tv. From 10/11/2009.
^ Eggerton, John (19/11/2009). "Senate passes Satellite reauthorization bill. Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/389824-Senate_Passes_Satellite_Reauthorization_Bill.php?rssid=20068&q=digital+tv. From 11/20/2009.
^ Eggerton, John (03/12/2009). "Convincing SHVRA Passes in House". Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/417629-SHVRA_Passes_Convincingly_in_House.php?rssid=20065&q=digital+tv. From 03/12/2009.
^ Eggerton, John (12/15/2009). "Satellite Extension Bill is on the table in the house." Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/440498-Satellite_Bill_Extension_Said_To_Be_On_Table_In_House.php?rssid=20103&q=digital+tv. From 17/12/2009.
^ Eggerton, John (2/11/2010). "Senate version of the hit Satellite Bill Hill. Broadcasting & Cable. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/448896-Senate_Version_of_Satellite_Bill_Hits_Hill.php?rssid=20068&q=digital+tv. From 25/02/2010.
^ "CTV.ca | action targets gray market satellite dealers. Ctv.ca. Updated Mon 21st October 2002 08.46 clock ET. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1035231116797_30640316//. From 09/06/2008.
^ "Broadband TV News | Central and Eastern Europe | Home". Broadbandtvnews.com. http://www.broadbandtvnews.com/archive_cen/240306.html. From 09/06/2008.
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See also: Category: Communication satellite
Categories: Satellite Television | Radio | Satellite ground station Hidden categories: Articles with weasel words from March 2009 | Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009 | All articles with unsourced missing | Article sections are divided, from April 2009 | Articles which are divided from April 2009 | All articles to be split | Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007 | Articles needing additional references from April 2008 About the Author

I am a professional writer from China Suppliers, which contains a great deal of information about $keyword_li, welcome to visit!

Smart Phones Ces 2010

smart phones ces 2010

Get Android and more with Motorola Backflip

Pushing innovation in the reality can often take years to develop the research and sufficient time to but there are some pretty innovative features that connect to some ingenuity and a new perspective. Therefore, the Motorola Backflip such a great phone. Apart from the fact that it packs some serious hardware specifications, the Google Android operating system and MOTOBLUR networking service, the phone also flips in a stylish way by using it as a handsfree Media Player, desk clock and more open.

The table mode (as the producer would call it) enables users to easy to see the 3.1 inch display on a very comfortable viewing angle. The touch screen allows easy navigation and phone use in any mode. You can lay it on the desk and surf the Internet without the apparatus in your hands all day.

Google's Android operating system System

add plenty of Android operating system functionality in order for the smartphone thanks to the many built-in functions and its strong support Applications. As many know, apps add new user-defined functions to mobile phones. With the Android so easy for developers to make applications for, you can many of the applications would be to turn the phone on an Android device that has all the necessary functions.

Another great thing about Android is that to edit and optimize each setting on the device, Issues, Home, GPS, and all others meet in your cell phone personalization everything to your needs. The Backflip comes pre-installed with Google Android 1.5 installed Cupcake. While not the latest version, the device can download a patch and update to version 2.0.

Enjoy Online with Motorola's MOTOBLUR

One of the biggest innovations to the mobile phone technology is the ability to go online and with friends and family through social networks. The MOTOBLUR service brings this new convenience a step further and combines everything you need online in a single application. A single MOTOBLUR account on your phone will connect and combine your contacts and friends lists, so that all messages, tweets and status updates in view of a single view.

A single inbox you all of your messages, emails and tweets with a single click. The entire application is completely customizable and can determine which to show elements, and where.

All of your data online and contact information is regularly backed up by the MOTOBLUR system online so that all your data and settings easily to a new phone. No complicated data disclosed, simply synchronize your next device, and you are ready to go.

Standing Out at CES

Not only the Motorola backflip out stand on its own in the tabletop mode, the device was also among their peers in the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show in early January in Las Vegas. The phone was recognized and was awarded CNET Best of CES 2010th The phone is MOTOBLUR, backtrack navigation pad and innovative Backflip Form gave the unit top grades in nine different categories.

About the Author

You can visit Moby1 to compare all the best mobile phone contracts. You can find the best Motorola Backflip contracts being offered. You can also search through the best deals available for PAYG phones.

CES 2010 Part 1: Gaming Gadgets, ebooks, smartphones & …

Smart Phone Icons

smart phone icons
Viewty Smart message error icon – please help!?

I have had my Viewty smart GC900 a few weeks and a few days ago a message icon with an exclamation mark inside appeared on the top menu bar – any ideas what this means and how to get rid of it?

It hasn’t stopped my phone from receiving text but I’d be very grateful if someone with more experience with this phone could help me.

Thank yooou x

It could be an unread voicemail

Palm Pre: Organizing your icons

Smart Phone Options

smart phone options
I want to buy a Symbian-based, U.S. UMTS/HSDPA, smart phone w/ Wi-Fi. Does it/ will it exist anytime soon?

I’m looking all over for a gsm smart phone that sports Wi-Fi and U.S. frequency (850/1900 MHz) UMTS or HSDPA. Those are musts. A full qwerty keypad is also high priority.

I am not in love with Windows Mobile OS, so Symbian became my preference, though I would consider any others. If the hardware is appealing enough, I’d go with WinMo 6.

I would also like a touch screen and bluetooth 2.0 in as small a profile as possible (of course). A camera is not necessary.

What are my options here? I know I-Mate is reportedly coming out with some feature-packed 2007 offerings (with WinMo OS) but did I miss any? Any help would be appreciated.

Hi John
I personaly do not know of any Symbian based phones made for the North American market thay meet your needs.
One Windows based phone you might want to research is the HTC 8525
Phone has everthing you require but it comes with WinMo 5 although I can’t see why you couln’t upgrade the O/S
Phone is quadband
Phone has Wi-Fi
Phone has Tri-band UMTS/HSDPA high speed wireless data network support (2100MHz and 850/1900 MHz) so you can use this phone on the North American and European 3g networks. I have the 8125 myself, phone is well built. Good luck with your search
Cheers
+++Edit+++
Just saw the post on the E90 below, it’s a European model and does not have WCDMA 850/1900 so it will not work on the American 3g network. It only has WCDMA2100

How to change picture options on your BlackBerry Curve 8520 smartphone

Smart Phone Usage Trends

Smart Phone Usage trends

A Partner Conducive to Smart Communication Process

Let us have a look at the prevailing mobile phones’ market and find out the reasons behind its unparalleled popularity.

The world’s present mobile phone users’ base is past 3 billion as per an eminent market survey and the trends are likely to continue in the coming few decades. In addition to that, this base is larger than the strength of Internet users or fixed telephone line subscribers. The usage of mobile phone is attaining exemplary penetration rates in developed as well as developing nations.

The modern day mobile manufacturers are ready to give due emphasis to the identification of user demands besides implementing innovative ways for the purpose of users’ satisfaction. This is imperative to cater to the increasingly fragmented and diverse market, which is shaped in equation to the prevailing differing needs, expectations and values. Since, the modern day mobile users are ready to pay a justified price for stylish and innovative mobile phones, more and more manufacturers are jumping into the mobiles market. The entry of these manufacturers brings more competition and this eventually leads to the availability of cheap mobile phones. These are the reasons that are prompting the mobile manufacturers to go for the technological innovations and creative marketing programs. All these positive trends are highly suitable for the mobiles market since both the manufacturer and mobile user feel elated to be a part of this intense race.

If you are looking for some high-quality yet cheap mobile phone, then you need to take some steps before putting your hands on a mobile phone. A clear understanding of the prevailing market trends can be attained by making a detailed market survey; you can also seek the advice of your friends, relatives and colleagues before getting a cheap mobile phone.

Let us now have a look at some of the highly promising, new and established mobile names and products to get the complete insight. Some of the most promising and reliable names in the world of mobile phones are Fly, Spice and Samsung. The Fly mobile phones such as Fly MX300, Fly MP600 and Fly T2060 have been able to live up to the expectations of the mobile user community on the sheer basis of their performance, affordability and reliability. These Fly mobile phones are highly advanced when it comes to seamless delivery of mobile solutions.

Get a high-quality and cheap mobile phone for yourself and feel the difference.

About the Author

The author is a specialist in retail writing. Her writing skills reflect the outcome of years of exposure to the retail industry. Working with retail giants as a consultant has enriched her knowledge base and her passion for writing got fire. She can be read regularly on RetailsDirect.com. For details please visit: www.retailsdirect.com
Cheap LCD TV

Compound Semiconductor Substrates 2010 Market Report now Available at ReportsandReports
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Cell Phone Cases Cute

Cell Phone Cases cute
How to cell my faceplate and my carrying case for my cell phone?

The cell phone faceplate and carrying case im trying to sell is a Kyocera KX1. and both accessories are Tigger. They are soo cute but I wont need them since I am gettin a new phone.

ebay

Cute Lux Addiction Cell Phone Case!!!

Smart Phone Brands

smart phone brands
smart phone brands
Sprint phone question?

I bought a very nice and brand new cell phone from a relative … It is one of those beautiful phones, called "Smart Phone", I think … But, It is actually very hard on the text .. Is there anyway that I go to Sprint and value in the trade in my phone for something similar? Thanks:)

It depends on whether your name is on the phone and plan how long you've been had the plan. If need it with in 30 days after purchase of the mobile phone You can go and exchange it. I use Sprint as my first phone with them I had 15 days to exchange them, but I upgraded recently and I have 30 Days to the new exchange. If in your family name yet, then that person must go in and exchange it if it is still within the time frame they gave them the time of purchase (15-30 days). Otherwise, you need to buy a new phone. Well, if it is not in your name and you want a different phone, and they can not exchange You can go in and a phone with one of their actions and they have a few that are fairly cheap or even free after mail-in rebate. If you can not replace it and when Purchase of a new, sometimes they will buy back the "old" phone and a credit to your account. I hope this helps! 🙂

Smart appliances to help consumers "smart" about energy costs, Louisville, Kentucky —- Imagine your power company offered lower Electricity tariffs to certain times of day, similar to what is offered by most phone companies. Now imagine with smart appliances and other devices in the house to help you to save money by automatically power consumption can in response to price signals from the program.

Smart Phone Industry

smart phone industry
AT & T Pantech Duo sucks, but why is it up brass?

So, I had a Blackjack (the first) made by Samsung for well-known is a good brand phones …. It is never to upset me so far, but I felt like I could get a new phone. Over five days, I bought a Pantech Duo. Well today all of a sudden, when I remove the battery or turn the unit off, it is never right again. I will never again buy a product from a brand that POS has no name in the industry back …. Im gonna use my 30 days guarantee and return this … I really need to know this but … I'm gonna wait, about two months and keep only for my Blackjack now …. But, Tmobile, and Verizon qwerty much cool phones like the Sidekick (they all have style), but are not smart phones, etc. … Why the hell AT & T is not no phones like that? All qwerty phones for AT & T Smartphones adults pay! What is it? when there are no phones for AT & T gonna like be the Sidekick, because I love and SMS on mobile phones with target ….

Get a Black Jack II

Smartphone Industry Market Analysis Q1 2010