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Posts Tagged ‘downloads’

Smart Phone Games Torrent

Smart Phone Games torrent

My followers gadget for google is not working or showing up, what do I do? Removing Bullets in Sidebar


PCWorld.com’s latest technology product news, presented in partnership with About.com

Audio/Video (424) Products (7421) Cameras (235) Smart Phones (347) Components (346) Software (1499) Computers (582) Storage (107) Networking (88) Topics (4120) Peripherals (281) Web (1080) Phones (1402)

The Macalope Weekly: Money, Money, Money

(News) The Zune HD is here! It’s gotten some good reviews but the Macalope thinks Microsoft might be leaving a monetization scheme on the table. Not so the recording…

Brain Quest Blast Off for IPhone,blogging, blogger,blogspot,make money from blog

(Reviews) If you have a child in elementary school, you’re probably familiar with Brain Quest: it is most visible in the children’s book sections of bookstores, in the…

New IPod Nano and IPod Touch Disassembled

(News) You’ve seen Apple roll out the new iPod nano and new iPod touch. Heck, you’ve heard what we have to say on both the new models. But perhaps you’re wondering what…

IPod Touch (late 2009)blogging, blogger,blogspot,make money from blog

(News) The launch of the original iPod touch in late 2007, in the aftermath of a summer of sheer iPhone frenzy, was anticlimactic. The new device was hobbled by its…

Report: Skype Founders Sue Skype

(News) Skype’s founders are suing Skype in a dispute over peer-to-peer technology, according to a report.

Soon to Sink, Pirate Bay’s Torrents Come Ashore,blogging, blogger,blogspot,make money from blog

(News) A group in Germany has set up a public kiosk that serves up torrents from The Pirate Bay over Wi-Fi.

Speed Test: Third-generation IPod Touch

(News) When Apple announced the new third-generation (3G) iPod touch models at last week’s Rock & Roll music event, the company’s touchscreen iPod received two…

Fifth-generation IPod Nano

(Reviews) Apple’s smallest screen-bearing iPod, the iPod nano, has evolved in impressive fashion. A highly capable and affordable performer in its previous two iterations…

With New Shuffles Released, 2G Shuffles off Its Mortal Coil

(News) When Apple updated the iPod shuffle in March to its present 1.8-by-0.7-by-0.3-inch form factor, it kept around the colorful second-generation model. Presumably…

Apple’s Music Event, in Holiday Colors

(News) Media and user reaction to Wednesday’s Apple “Rock and roll” event has been pretty much what it is for most Apple events: full of shock that unlikely rumors…

Hands on With the IPod Nano

(Reviews) As is the tradition at its iPod-themed press briefings, Apple opened a demo area to show off the new hardware announced just minutes before at Wednesday’s Rock…

Apple Boosts IPod Touch Capacity, Cuts 8GB Price

(News) Apple cut the price on its 8GB iPod touch Wednesday while boosting the performance and capacity of the other models of its touchscreen music player. Apple made…

Apple Bumps IPod Classic, Shuffle Models

(News) iPod classic

New Harman Kardon AV Receiver Plays Back IPod HD Video

(News) Harman Kardon on Wednesday rolled out new home A/V receivers including the AVR 1600, AVR 2600 and AVR 3600. The top-end AVR 3600 may be of particular interest to…

Apple Drops Prices on IPod Nanos, Touches, Classic

(News) What with the next Apple event just hours away, it would be nice if we had some sort of concrete sign of what they might be announcing. Instead, all we’ve got is…

Apple TV and the Future

(News) Tomorrow’s “It’s Only Rock ‘n’ Roll” Apple event is likely to be true to its name and focus exclusively on music–new iPods, a new version of iTunes, and…

Amazon Offers to Return Kindle Users Orwell Book or $30

(News) Amazon.com found itself in the center of a swirling vortex of controversy in July, following its move to remotely delete copies of two George Orwell books that…

Prototype Uses Gestures to Control Appliances

(News) Germany’s Fraunhofer Institute showed research that allowed users to turn on a light with a thumbs up gesture

Microsoft Gets Reprieve in Word Case

(News) Microsoft Gets Reprieve in Word Case

DocScanner for IPhone

(Reviews) The best iPhone apps perform a unique, powerful function that’s hard to mimic. DocScanner, which portends to scan a document in the same way a flatbed scanner…

Wine Ph.D. for IPhone

(Reviews) A fine wine ages slowly and gracefully. A fine iPhone app should be graphically interesting, user friendly… and fast. With Wine Ph.D. for the iPhone and iPod…

The Naked Truth About IPod Cameras

(News) As I suggested the other day, there’s been a lot of speculation that the next iPod models–the iPod touch, iPod nano, and iPod classic–will include cameras…

Birdpost for IPhone

(Reviews) Birdpost is the iPhone companion to Birdpost.com, a Web site where you and others can report and share bird sightings. It’s a great idea, but unfortunately the…

Nokia Works With Facebook on Tighter Mobile Integration

(News) Using a new smartphone app, some Nokia phone users will be able to publish their locations and status updates directly to Facebook.

Assorted IPhone Zombie Apps

(Reviews) Look, the likelihood of a bona fide Romeroesque zombie takeover is slightly smaller than your odds of being struck by lightning, winning the lottery, or even…

Watch Every Baseball Game With MLB’s IPhone App

(News) Three months after adding live video to its iPhone app, Major League Baseball has made another change that’s sure to please fans eager to follow the pennant…

Apple Confirms Sept. 9 ‘rock and Roll’ Event

(News) Apple is planning a special, invitation-only event for September 9, 2009, confirming rumors that have circulated on the Mac Web for the past couple of weeks.

A Utopian Musical Future One Step Closer?

(News) For nearly as long as the iPod’s existed, I’ve written about where that device may one day take us–with the ultimate destination being All Music, All the Time…

Microsoft Xbox 360 Price Cuts to Come Later for Asia

(News) Price reductions on the Xbox 360 will come later for Japan and the rest of the Asia Pacific region.

IFax for IPhone

(Reviews) Attorneys, real estate agents, and accountants all have one thing in common: they’re still using fax machines. When nothing else will do except a hard copy of…

Microsoft Xbox 360 Elite Price to Drop $100 in the US

(News) Microsoft matched Sony by slashing the price of its top-end Xbox 360 game console by $100 in the U.S.

Beats for IPhone

(Reviews) If you dance–anywhere from a rave to your junior prom–you’ve seen it. The music is loud, the lights are low. Dancers are moving in time to a hypnotic beat…

Advanced Wi-Fi Sinks Old Ship’s Network Barriers

(News) Beam-forming Wi-Fi gear from Ruckus Wireless helps to get signals around metal walls on the Queen Mary floating hotel.

Airline Pilots Want Ban on Lithium Battery Shipments

(News) An airline pilot union is calling on the U.S. government to temporarily ban cargo shipments of lithium batteries.

Remastered Music: Making New From Old?

(News) I was recently delighted to receive a box set with re-releases of The Durutti Column’s first four albums. This band, led by Vini Reilly, has been one of my…

Remix David Bowie — Space Oddity for IPhone

(Reviews) For some reason, my mother never said that to get things done, I’d better not mess with Major Tom. If she had said it–I never really understood why anyone’s…

Microsoft Continues to Befriend Non-Windows Phones

(News) Microsoft has launched OneApp, which gives access to a Facebook, Twitter and Windows Live Messenger on cheaper phones from, for example, Nokia.

No ‘three Strikes’ Law Planned for Singapore, Agency Says

(News) There are no immediate plans to propose a ‘three-strikes’ antipiracy law in Singapore, a government regulatory agency said Monday.

The End of Free Lyrics?

(News) Something interesting happened to albums in the mid-60s. (No, not double-album covers and their utilitarian use.) With artists such as Bob Dylan, The Beatles…

Report: Singapore Considers ‘three Strikes’ Anti-piracy Law

(News) Singaporean authorities are reportedly studying the implementation of a ‘three strikes’ anti-piracy law.

Taiwan University Students Build Tour Guide Robot

(News) Taiwan University students showed off a new robot they developed that can create 2D and 3D maps of its surroundings using a variety of technologies.

Cut the Cable Bill

(News) Choice is great, but too many choices (and paying for them all) is a hard sell in a tough economy. Take your cable or satellite TV service, for example. Of the…

Quickoffice Mobile Office Suite for IPhone

(Reviews) It’s taken a while, but the mainstay apps in mobile computing–those intended for mobile business users who need to stay productive–are making their way to the…

New Owner Presents Details on Legal Pirate Bay

(News) Global Gaming Factory X, the prospective buyers of The Pirate Bay, will use a system that lets copyright owners remove content.

Microsoft Appeals Word Ruling, Asks for Stay

(News) Microsoft has asked a court to stay an injunction that could put a stop to Word sales.

Report: One in Four Songs Sold in U.S. Is From ITunes

(News) The NPD Group reported Tuesday that Apple’s iTunes Store is responsible for selling one in four songs in the United States.

Beyond HandBrake’s Defaults

(News) If you’re a Mac user interested in ripping your commercial DVDs to a format playable on an Apple TV, iPod, or iPhone, the free video transcoder, HandBrake 0.9.3…

Sony Moves E-reader Technology in the Right Direction

(News) I recently proclaimed the dangers of vendor lock-in in the nascent e-book reader market, so I was delighted this week to see Sony take a very positive step in…

Space Elevator: Science Fiction or Global Warming Cure?

(News) Researchers at a conference on Thursday discussed issues with building a space elevator.

Zensify for IPhone

(Reviews) Over the past two years, social networks have pretty much taken over the world. For some–especially among the younger generation–services such as Facebook and…

RealDVD Case & the Death of Fair Use

(News) Last April, when commenting on to the RealNetworks versus Media Giants case, I penned DVD Copying Case: Why You Should Care, I included these prescient words:

Injunction on Microsoft Word Unlikely to Halt Sales

(News) Microsoft received new fines and an injunction in a patent battle with i4i.

Tech Jargon Jumble

(News) Tech Jargon Jumble

Roku Player Adds Live MLB Streaming

(News) Roku on Monday announced that its $99 video player box, which previously played only Netflix and Amazon video content, would also support both live and…

Encyclopedia Britannica Loses Patent Ruling

(News) A Texas court ruled that two patents awarded to Encyclopedia Britannica are invalid.

Buckets for IPhone

(Reviews) Buckets, a $4 task-management app from Press Start, aims to help you take control of your task list. The app features some clever interface elements, but is…

What We’re Watching and Listening to Right Now

(News) With so many great songs and albums, TV shows, movies, podcasts, and audiobooks out there, it can be hard to figure out what’s worth watching or listening to…

Sonos Controller 200 (CR200)

(Reviews) Sonos, makers of the Sonos Multi-Room Music System ( Macworld rated 5 out of 5 mice ), made an interesting decision several months ago. The company chose to…

To-Do List for IPhone

(Reviews) For just $3, To-Do List serves as a handy tool that can keep you organized in a pinch. The interface is easy to use, so it won’t add to the confusion of your…

Dealing With Podcast Glut

(News) Sometimes it’s possible to have too much of a good thing. Take podcasts, for example. They’re free and a lot of them offer great content. But they can take up a…

Apple’s Schiller Responds to Dictionary App Controversy

(News) We’ve become accustomed to the deafening sound of silence in response to criticism of the App Store, so it’s surprisingly gratifying that not only has Apple…

Make Sense of PC World’s ‘Find’ Numbers

(How To) Ever wondered about those numbers littered throughout the magazine? Here’s how they work, along with a software shortcut for using them.

Toshiba to Launch Fuel-cell Charger Soon

(News) Toshiba plans to launch an external battery charger based on a DMFC (direct methanol fuel cell) in the next two months, its new president said on Wednesday.

CheckSheet for IPhone

(Reviews) Today’s obsession with productivity has created a surplus of solutions promising to help us manage to-do lists. Included in that number is CheckSheet, a $3 app…

Intuit Offers Free Credit Card Processing App for IPhone

(News) QuickBooks maker Intuit on Tuesday announced the release of GoPayment, a free application for the iPhone and iPod touch designed to help businesses process…

Workamajig Releases Updates for IPhone Client

(News) Workamajig has updated the iPhone client for access to Workamajig Project Management Software to Version

Android Moves Into Home Entertainment

(News) MIPS Technologies made the source code available to allow people to port Android applications to products running on MIPS chips.

Apple and U.K. Man Get Heated Over IPod Fire Claim

(News) Are iPods exploding all over the place? According to the Times Online, an iPod touch belonging to 11 year-old Ellie Stanborough of Liverpool, England, started…

Reports: RIAA Wins $675k in Damages From File Swapper

(News) Joel Tenenbaum was ordered to pay $22,500 each for 30 songs that he admitted to downloading and sharing.

Three Astronomy Apps for the IPhone

(News) With the recent news about outer space–the anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission, the July 15 Space Shuttle launch and today’s landing, the Jupiter impact–it’s…

Microsoft Plots Mobile Group Improvements

(News) Microsoft acknowledged to financial analysts that Windows Mobile has not performed well and it is working to turn that segment around.

Adapter Takes Mini DisplayPort Video, USB Audio to HDMI

(News) Apple’s new MacBooks and Mac minis come with snazzy Mini DisplayPort connectors, but if you want to hook one up to your HDTV via its HDMI port, Apple can’t…

PDF Reader Pro for IPhone

(Reviews) Does the iPhone really need a dedicated app for reading PDFs? After all, you can download them right from the phone’s Safari browser or when you receive a PDF…

Apple Re-enables Promo Codes for 17+ Apps

(News) At least one probably-unintended consequence of Apple’s recently imposed rating system for iPhone apps has been undone. An iPhone developer has confirmed to…

Twitterena for IPhone

(Reviews) The fact that the App Store boasts an already-crowded lineup of Twitter clients speaks to the exploding popularity of the microblogging service. Still, ask five…

Verizon Adds Hotspots to Consumer Broadband

(News) Verizon offered most of its wired broadband customers free access to Wi-Fi hotspots around the U.S.

Panasonic’s Tricycling Robot to Tackle Le Mans 24 Hours

(News) A Panasonic-developed tricycling robot will next week attempt to run around the Le Mans circuit for 24 hours on a single set of AA batteries.

Comics by Comixology on IPhone

(Reviews) The smell of fanboys is in the air in San Diego, and that can only mean one thing — it’s time for Comic-Con again. On Thursday, coinciding with the first day of…

Wi-Fi Group’s Basic Test Won’t Change With Final 11n

(News) The Wi-Fi Alliance will not change the basic requirements of its IEEE 802.11n certification process when the standard is finished later this year.

Apple Drops DRM Case Against Bluwiki

(News) The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and Apple are standing down over a legal dispute involving the Web site Bluwiki. Apple is no longer going after…

MIT Electric Car May Rival Gas Models on Performance

(News) Inside a plain-looking garage on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s campus, undergraduate Radu Gogoana and his team of fellow students are working on a…

IPod Touch Ascendant as Traditional IPod Sales Fall

(News) Apple’s record-setting quarterly financial results, released Tuesday, point out that the economic and marketing powerhouse that was the iPod has been eclipsed…

IEEE 802.11n Heads for a Finish in September

(News) The IEEE is expected to make 802.11n into a formal wireless LAN standard in September.

How Much Would You Pay to Go Eye-to-eye With Gundam?

(News) An online charity auction that had been running all week ended Friday with a winning bid of ¥2.6M (US$27,742) to go up to the top of the Tokyo Gundam statue.

IBank Mobile Finance App Debuts for IPhone

(News) This week IGG Software debuted their online banking application iBank Mobile for the iPhone and iPod Touch. iBank Mobile is designed as a companion to IGG’s…

Taiwan’s Wicatch Turns Back the Clock to Offer Free Wi-Fi

(News) Wicatch is moving forward with plans to offer free Wi-Fi wireless Internet service in Taiwan despite looming competition from WiMax technology.

Computer Modeling Helps Build Sun-powered Stadium

(News) When the 8th World Games opens in Taiwan on Thursday, the event will inaugurate a bold new stadium designed not only to power, cool and water itself, but also to…

Microsoft Aims Windows Embedded at Smartbooks

(News) Microsoft plans to use Windows Embedded to combat rival operating systems in smartbooks and a number of other devices meant to always be connected to the…

PC Makers Less Upbeat Than Google About Chrome OS

(News) PC vendors Google listed as Chrome OS partners said they are merely evaluating whether to work with the OS

Todo+Cal+Sync for IPhone

(Reviews) There’s certainly no shortage of to-do list managers available in the App Store, but Todo+Cal+Sync tries to put its own spin on things with support for the…

What’s Goin Down 2.0 Adds New User Interface

(News) What’s Goin Down 2.0, from Random Ideas, is a new release of the “professional-grade” TCP server network monitoring tool for the iPhone. The $5 application…

Music: Then, Now, and Tomorrow

(News) I was taking a car trip a few weeks ago, driving from the village where I live in the French Alps to Aix-en-Provence and back, about a 6-hour drive round-trip…

8Bitone for IPhone

(Reviews) A few iPhone apps are just a bit… unworldly. Leaf Trombone ( Macworld rated 4 out of 5 mice ) is one example–it’s basically Guitar Hero with leaves. Shazam (…

Korean Operators Join Forces on New Mobile Services

(News) South Korean operators KT, SK Telecom and LG Telecom have become the first to launch mobile services based on the Rich Communication Suite.

ZigBee Develops Standard for Devices Without Batteries

(News) The ZigBee Alliance is working on a standard that will let products power themselves using energy harvesting techniques, it said on Monday.

Toyota Research Achieves Brain Control of Wheelchair

(News) Researchers at Toyota and government-affiliated Riken have developed a brain-machine interface that allows for control of a wheelchair using thought.

Avoid Facebook Disasters

(How To) Avoid Facebook Disasters

Lithium Ion Batteries Heating up Japan-Korea Trade Tensions

(News) Japan is threatening to complain to the World Trade Organization if South Korea goes through with plans to require certification for lithium ion batteries.

Bugs & Fixes: Apple TV Deletes Files

(News) You launch iTunes. It immediately recognizes that your Apple TV is connected and initiates a sync. Nothing unusual so far.

Asian Mobile Operators Team up for Android

(News) A group including some of Asia’s most powerful mobile phone operators launched a campaign to encourage Android application development.

WLAN Market Slammed, but 802.11n Gains

(News) Dell’Oro said wireless LAN sales plummeted worldwide in the first quarter of this year.

Mariner Calc 1.2 for IPhone

(Reviews) Back in March, I reviewed Mariner Calc 1.0 ( Macworld rated 2.5 out of 5 mice ), a program that lets you edit Excel spreadsheets on your iPhone or iPod touch. At…

Two Useful IChat 4.0 Features

(News) Here are a couple of basic little iChat features you may not have discovered just yet. I believe both of these features require iChat 4.0, which shipped with OS…

Toodledo for IPhone

(Reviews) I’m always on the lookout for ways to improve my productivity. I’ve tried many task managers and to-do lists in my day. Toodledo, a US$4 app from Toodledo…

Rambus Pulls Some Infringement Claims Against Nvidia

(News) Nvidia on Monday said Rambus had filed motions with the U.S. ITC to stop investigating claims of Nvidia’s alleged infringement on four patents.

QlikView for IPhone

(Reviews) The concept of “business intelligence” is a misnomer, depending on where you work. Even with ubiquitous connections and vast storage, finding data about a…

Ming Dynasty Vase With Intel Atom, Anyone?

(News) ECS built a nifty living room computer based on Intel Atom processors camouflaged as a blue and white Ming Dynasty vase.

Mac News Briefs: LaCie Intros Home Media Players

(News) LaCie has released a pair of wireless high-definition media players aimed at allowing users to access and play content from their HD televisions.

Windows Server 2008 R2 to Be Released in October

(News) Microsoft said on Wednesday that its latest server product, Windows Server 2008 R2, will be broadly available on Oct. 22, the same time as Windows 7.

London ‘Pod Theft’ Signs Warn of Risky Streets

(News) It looks like the officials of the Lambeth borough of London are fed up with the rampant “pod” theft that’s been plaguing their region. Streets known to be…

Xbox 360 Service Improvements Put Apple TV to Shame

(News) Microsoft’s new plans to enhance its Xbox 360 video game console’s potential as a home entertainment hub may ultimately put pressure on Apple to improve the…

Quickoffice Files for IPhone

(Reviews) Quickoffice Files for IPhone

DSLR Camera Remote for IPhone Controls Canon Digital Cameras

(News) OnOne Software on Monday introduced DSLR Camera Remote for iPhone, an iPhone or iPod touch application that lets you control a Canon EOS digital camera tethered…

Zune HD = IPod Touch? Uh, No….

(News) Blame it on the rain, the resulting muck and mire, or the redwood curtain that separates Cupertino from Redmond, but it appears that news travels very slowly…

Microsoft’s Zune HD Coming in Fall With OLED, HD Radio

(News) Microsoft’s Zune HD Coming in Fall With OLED, HD Radio

Judge Weighs Testimony in RealDVD Copy Case

(News) Preliminary testimony has ended in the RealDVD case.

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Microsoft Smart Phone Emulator

microsoft Smart Phone Emulator

Quick Overview of Bsd Systems With Main Focus on Openbsd

Most users who use Linux use it because they hate Microsoft; people who use BSD use it because they love Unix

Juraj Sipos

I have been a BSD user since the late 1990’s. I started with FreeBSD 3.0 and I also made my own FreeBSD distro – a tiny floppy disk entitled 1fcdbsd, which boots in any x86 computer and plays MP3 files from a hard disk or CD’s (One Floppy CD Audio and MP3 Player – http://www.freebsd.nfo.sk/). I gained some experience with the BSD world, which rather thrives on the side without people’s knowledge that it is almost the best.


To say it metaphorically, the Internet sprung out of BSD. It is not because these systems can handle the biggest traffic as servers, but because the concept of IP addresses and the TCP/IP stack is a BSD invention. If you right click on the file “winsock.dll” in Windows 98 (C:Windowswinsock.dll), you will see “BSD Socket API for Windows” in the Properties > Version window; however, the “BSD” is not seen in newer Windows systems in the “version information” window of winsock.dll. But there is a lot of writing on the Internet about this if you Google both terms: “winsock.dll” AND “bsd”. BSD systems have a different licensing policy and anybody can take their code. BSD license gives more freedom to programmers.

From the above it is clear that Microsoft, too, used or “stole” this code, not only Linux.

BSD grew up in the 1970’s with a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) support. Version 4.3 BSD (1986), 4.3 BSD Tahoe (1988), BSD Net 1 (1989), and so on followed. The history is well described also on BSD sites, such as www.freebsd.org. FreeBSD, for example, started as a project in 1993 shortly after NetBSD; and OpenBSD is a fork of NetBSD, but these all are derived from 386/BSD.

Linux versus BSD

BSD: BSD systems are based upon an actual Unix variant called Berkeley Software Distribution, which has a long history.

Linux: Linux is based upon a clone of Unix (Minix), which was far away in functionality in comparison to the above Unix at its time. Terminologically speaking, Linux is only the kernel.

The “Linux-versus-BSD” discussion is very sensitive for some people – they may get very angry about any direction, either in favor of BSD or Linux. It is not a good idea to compare these systems as the whole, but it’s not a bad idea to compare their “usability” in various aspects, for example, as an “office solution”, “desktop solution”, “multimedia solution”, “server solution”, “firewall solution”, etc.

The widespread use of Linux helped some users switch to BSD for good, as various opinions made the issue of “Linux-versus-BSD” visible to public eyes, which made the BSD world appear more attractive.

If we talk in general, we can say that “BSD is much more stable, as it is a REAL Unix” and that “Linux is a very good desktop toy more adapted to users’ needs, as it has more drivers and apps”.

Other global aspect that makes Linux and BSD systems look different is that BSD OS’s have everything under one hood and control. Linux is murky waters because it is not united. For example, you have a DEB (Debian Linux) package – you will not always install it if you use Mandrake or SuSE. A long list of problems ensuing from discrepancies among Linux distros may be written. Linux users surely remember the effort of UnitedLinux, but now it is devoid of life. In the chaos where one Linux system installs with various services and the other one does not, we see that the Linux community is broken as the whole.

Linux is more developed in terms of its accessibility to various types of hardware like, for example, inkjet printers or WiFi USB solutions. But this is because, as I already said, various companies support it. Linux is good for desktop users who want to forget about Microsoft and BSD systems are best as server/router/firewall solutions. Many good administrators say that Linux behaves much worse as server than BSD systems. Something like Red Hat or SuSE Enterprise Server is rather a joke – these systems cost a lot of money. Every good administrator would only bet on BSD or other Internet solutions today. Slackware Linux is exception – it is one of the best.

There are many reasons why BSD systems are less noticeable. The availability of Live CD’s and their easy-to-use presentation is something in which BSD systems lagged behind. You may download Linux ISO images at the drop of a hat. With BSD systems, this is a bit different. You could hardly find a desired BSD Live CD in the 1990’s. Only a few of them do appear now.


I tackled the problem of building such a CD myself. I toiled with FreeBSD. I succeeded. Later I focused on OpenBSD, as it has a good reputation concerning its solid security structure. I succeeded too. But this would require additional writing and this article is not about making an OpenBSD Live CD; I only want to introduce this system a little and give advice how to make a simple OpenBSD bootable installation CD/DVD, which is also hard to get.


BSD systems work well with all kinds of standard hardware; however, some users say they are “less user-friendly”. On the other hand, others consider the so-called “user-friendliness” to be a hindrance in making needed configurations. In other systems, where many services run automatically, it is a bit irritating when administrators, with their own security policies in mind, must turn them off on a regular basis after every installation.

OpenBSD could be, from a Linux user’s point of view, a can of worms. Some may disagree with me, but in the world where all mainstream operating systems bet on easiness-to-use and the graphical interactivity, this is surely the case. This means you must forget about graphical installers – your first touch with the system is the text mode. But the text is the best format some people like.

OpenBSD can run Linux binaries on an emulation layer; DOS (and other systems) programs within the Qemu emulator, as well as FreeBSD and other BSD and Unix binaries. Albeit OpenOffice.org has not been ported yet (do you really need such a big bulk of software when there are more handy solutions?), you can easily write or open your MS Word documents in TextMaker for Linux, or in native OpenBSD AbiWord port.

The system and packages

The BSD family of operating systems consists of the base system and packages. The OpenBSD core – its kernel and the base system (system/network utilities, man pages, etc.) get cautiously, if not paranoically audited for security holes.

The OS has a different packaging philosophy in comparison to Linux. It uses ports and prebuilt packages. Ports are fingerprints of applications on your disk. They contain the basic information where they can be downloaded from. You just “cd” somewhere to the hierarchy of the /usr/share/ports directory, where applications are divided by categories; then type “make install” and wait for sources to be downloaded, compiled, and installed.

Prebuilt packages, too, can be installed with a breeze. Unlike RPM archives, which you must install in the consecutive dependency order, here you have everything on tap. And with the “pkg_add –v ftp://ftp.openbsd.org/pub/OpenBSD/4.0/packages/i386/package.tgz” command you download everything from the Internet even without specifying a package’s version. This is something most Linux packagers cannot do, only APT (Debian) and its clones.


The policy of the OpenBSD team is to sell CD’s. Unless you are prepared for a difficult network install, you have two options: either you buy their CD’s, or build them yourself. If you choose the latter option, download the core system from these FTP mirrors: www.openbsd.org/ftp.html. Pick out your architecture like AMD64 or i386 and the version (like 4.0, 3.9, etc.). Place all downloaded files in any directory (for example, in /usr/opbsd) and issue the following command to make the ISO image of it:

mkisofs -b cdrom40.fs -c boot.cat -R -v -o /usr/my_openbsd.iso /usr/opbsd

The above command may be used both in Linux and in BSD systems and possibly in any system to which mkisofs is ported.

When ever in the future you are ready to download a newer version of OpenBSD with purpose to make a bootable CD/DVD of it, just change the “cdrom40.fs” in the above mkisofs command (4.0 is the current version of OpenBSD) to the version it agrees with, for example, “cdrom45.fs” (a future OpenBSD), which is a bootable image as the emulated big floppy. A CD or DVD burned with this ISO file will boot on any PC (not DVD in UDF format, but DVD in ISO format).

The following files contain the basic OpenBSD installation – networking, Unix commands, X Window, man pages; not packages like KDE, Aspell, etc.

OpenBSD 4.0 core system

Packages # you can create this directory and put packages in it

CKSUM, INSTALL.i386 , INSTALL.Linux, MD5, base40.tgz , bsd, bsd.mp, bsd.rd, cd40.iso, cdboot ,cdbr, cdemu40.iso, cdrom40.fs, comp40.tgz, etc40.tgz, floppy40.fs, floppyB40.fs, floppyC40.fs, game40.tgz, index.txt, man40.tgz, misc40.tgz, pxeboot, xbase40.tgz, xetc40.tgz, xfont40.tgz, xserv40.tgz, xshare40.tgz

It is important to say that the ISO file cannot be burned to a CD as an ordinary file like an MP3 file – it can be done this way, however, but you will not be able to boot from such a CD/DVD. If you use Windows, the proper way for burning ISO files is to use the “burn image” command in programs like Nero Burning ROM (or “burn ISO” in other programs). Under FreeBSD, you can burn the ISO image with the burncd command (if your CDROM is the master on the second IDE channel; “-s” is for speed):

burncd -f /dev/acd0 -s 4 data my_openbsd.iso fixate

It would be a good idea to make the bootable OpenBSD DVD with packages included in it – just download them and put them to a directory (for example, to a directory “Packages”) where you have your core OpenBSD installation files; then apply the above mkisofs command.

Installation is quite easy. For newbies it is recommended to use a mobile rack and use some older disk (about 3 GB). This is because installing OpenBSD to an already partitioned disk requires a lot of knowledge and if users do not want to bother about numbers of sectors/cylinders and other things they must type in the text wizard, this solution is very handy.

OpenBSD in action

The system boots fast (much faster than Linux). If you selected the X Window environment during the installation text wizard, you only need to run the “xorgcfg” command from the console to configure your X Window environment.

Did you lose yourself somewhere in the text-mode consoles? Use the F5 key (Ctrl+Alt+F5) to get back to the X Window. Are you a complete newbie? Type “man afterboot”. Are you accustomed to Linux and do you prefer a Linux terminal type? After every logon, OpenBSD asks you to type the terminal type you want to use, but the default one – vt220 – does not map keys like you got accustomed to in Linux if you use programs like Midnight Commander (for example, F7 behaves like F6, etc., but not in X). After typing “nxterm” everything should work OK.

A manual text-mode configuration is the absolute preference here. Almost all services are turned off – a first choice for every good administrator, as he will have ultimate control over the whole system. Users, too, may familiarize themselves with Unix and see what is going on under its hood. To run the X Window, just execute the “startx” command. If you want to edit or re-edit the configuration files, peep into the /etc directory with vi as your editor. Do you want to add more packages? Just download them and issue “pkg_add -i package.tgz” command and that’s it!

OpenBSD 4.0 is geared up for most of the network or desktop tasks. After I downloaded some fine MP3 players, I could instantly listen to music. The X Window’s look does not differ from any Unix-like box. VLC or MPlayer multimedia players will help you enjoy all your favorite music or film recordings.

If you have euphoria from seeing the KDE or Gnome Desktop and other apps running smoothly, you may soon become disappointed – OpenBSD has fewer packages than FreeBSD or Linux. For example, running VMware on FreeBSD has been possible for quite a long time; OpenBSD (but not OpenBSD in the VMware environment) requires some smart tweaks to achieve this.

New technologies and automation can also impose a risk

Numerous companies want to earn the highest profit and they introduce various technologies that serve as a marketing competition strategy for most of the time and are often useless. A bluetooth or WiFi technology in your mobile phone brings a security risk when any good hacker can get to your most sensitive data within seconds right from your neighborhood. Most users do not have time to study various security datasheets and they often live happy without knowing they are unprotected. I do not want to say that newer technologies are always nonsensical; however, they deserve pertinent praise only if used on the right place.

If a reader understands this, the mainstream world’s policy is to create the Matrix or a big web of dependencies – if hardware can run in Linux, users use Linux (and possibly buy Red Hat or Xandros).

Numerous “terrific” companies that sell their “amazing security products” forget that using carrier pigeons for communication is by far a more secure solution than any computer communication – an encrypted e-mail, if you are already under suspicion, will always get intercepted, and governments have always enough resources and money to do their job well.

Why BSD or OpenBSD?

Today, when too many companies bring out various distros, it is hard to tell which of them best suits our needs and you may become mixed-up in such a huge list. If companies invest money to a software solution, they may become disappointed if its licensing policy changes. OpenBSD has one sturdy feature above everything – the system and packages are perfectly audited for security holes.

The power of a good policy will make you feel somewhat sheltered from the bad behavior of the world, because you do not have to worry that network services, for example, contain security holes. Something like this often happens with Linux – its websites urge users to download important patches soon after distros are released. With this particular security point OpenBSD as a BSD system stands aside from the usual crowd.

Source: http://www.freebsd.nfo.sk/

About the Author

I published some books of poetry and I live in Europe, Slovakia; I write and sell computer articles

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